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Cardiorespiratory issues



Cardiorespiratory issues

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Question one

A heart attack is a respiratory issue that occurs when the blood flow to the heart is blocked. The blockage is mostly caused by the buildup of fat, cholesterol, or other substances, forming a plaque in the arteries that supply blood to the heart. The plague then breaks away, forming a clot. Interrupting the blood flow can cause damage or destruction in some parts of the heart muscles. A heart attack can be severe, but there have been drastic improvements in its treatments. The following steps are necessary for the prevention and health promotion of heart attacks (Bale & Doneen, 2014).

One should ensure they have enough sleep. Inadequate sleep raises the risk of high blood pressure and diabetes. These conditions increase the risk of heart attacks. People should ensure they get seven to nine hours of sleep per night. One should also avoid smoking and using tobacco. Chemicals that compose tobacco can damage the heart and the blood vessels. Cigarette smoke, on the other hand, minimizes oxygen in the blood, increasing the blood pressure and the heart rate. This is because the heart is forced to work harder to supply enough oxygen to the brain and other parts of the body. Another step is regularly exercising your body. Regular physical activities reduce the risk of heart diseases. Physical activities help in maintaining good body weight and reduces the chances of developing conditions that may cause heart diseases such as high blood pressure. One should also have regular health screenings. High levels of cholesterol and high blood pressure are the leading causes of heart diseases. However, without medical tests, one may not know whether they have such conditions. Hence, one should regularly visit a doctor for checkups in order to keep track of their health condition to avoid sudden heart diseases (Agatston, 2008).

More to read: Developing PICCO topics and questions

Question two

Non-acute care refers to the care offered to patients outside the hospital or any emergency care institution. Nurses should offer patient education before discharging them. This is an excellent way to reduce the instances of readmission of the patient. This education should entail how to improve their health and how to avoid the reoccurrence of the cardiorespiratory illness. They should be given materials with discharge instructions on how to improve their health. These materials should be ones that the patient and their family can understand (Carlson & American Association of Critical-Care Nurses, 2009).

The main goal of nonacute care is to meet the functioning and quality of life of the patients. Healthcare providers can also schedule a post-discharge appointment with the patient to monitor their health progress efficiently. They should also ensure that the patients adhere to these appointments. This will help reduce readmissions of patients with high risks of readmission. Additionally, home healthcare programs may be established. These programs may include visits by physicians or nurses at home to offer care or perform a physical examination. Healthcare providers can also use automated communication methods to maintain constant communication with the patient. This is to remind patients to take their prescriptions at the appropriate time as directed. Not adhering to the prescription at the instructed time is one of the main contributors to patient readmission. (Gielen et al., 2015).


Agatston, A. (2008). The south beach heart health revolution: Cardiac prevention can reverse heart disease and stop heart attacks and strokes. Macmillan.

Bale, B., & Doneen, A. (2014). Beat the heart attack gene: The revolutionary plan to prevent heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. Turner Publishing Company.

Carlson, K. K., & American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. (, 2009). AACN advanced critical care nursing. Saunders.

Gielen, S., Backer, G. D., Piepoli, M., & Wood, D. (2015). The ESC textbook of preventive cardiology. Oxford University Press, USA.

Other resources: Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Cardiovascular Disease Prevention

Last Updated on September 18, 2020

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