Present an analysis of an ethical problem in your community through the lenses of TWOethical theorists using a presentation medium of your
choice – PETER SINGER, MILTON FRIEDMAN, JOHN RAWLS, GARRET HARDIN, MURRAY BOOKCHIN, NIETZSCHE, JOHN STUART MILL
Your project will:
• Explain an ethical issue in your community
• Outline the main arguments and features of two ethical theorists
• Analyze your community’s ethical issue using your two chosen ethical theorists
• Construct a debate between the two theorists, allowing them to critique and respond to each other
• Appraise which theorist best resolves the ethical issue
• Predict what outcomes would result from each ethical theorist’s solution
Studying social ethics helps provide us with a thoughtful foundation from which we can evaluate the ethical problems with which we are
confronted in our relationships and in our communities. In this project, you will identify and research an ethical question in your
community. You can conduct this research by finding and reading primary and secondary sources on the issue and/or by interviewing someone
in your community who engages with an ethically-charged social issue in their work—a public school teacher, a social worker, an employee
of the justice system, etc. Then, use the theoretical tools for ethical evaluation that you have developed in this course to construct a
“debate” between two of the theorists in this course about that ethical issue through an analytical essay. Be sure, however, to give each
theorist a “charitable” reading – i.e. construct the strongest argument you can using their philosophical viewpoint, observing both their
strengths and their weaknesses. Once you have given each a fair reading, give your own final assessment of which theorist offers the most
viable answer to the ethical problem you have investigated.
The final product of your research, however you choose to present it, will have four general components:
1) A detailed explanation of the ethical issue in question. Based on what you have learned through your research, who are the key
individuals, organizations, social groups, or other “stakeholders” involved in this ethical issue? What competing values or priorities
give the situation an ethical valence? If you conducted an interview, what does the community member think or feel about the situation?
What have they seen work and not work in addressing it (i.e. what is their experiential history with it)?
2) A clear exposition of two ethical theorists’ main arguments. What are their priorities as ethicists? What do they believe are
the most essential features of ethical reasoning? How do they develop and deploy their arguments?
3) An in-depth application of the theories you’ve outlined in #2 to the ethical question you’ve investigated in #1. How would these
theorists respond to this ethical question? How would they critique or refute one another in addressing that ethical question? Construct
this as a debate, allowing the theorists to respond to one another.
4) Your own assessment of which of these theorists is best able to address the ethical problem you’ve unpacked. Why is this theory
more reliable than the other? What positive outcomes can you anticipate from a resolution to this problem based on the theory you have
chosen? What negative outcomes (or less positive ones) would have proceeded from the alternative? Your answer must provide an argument
for why this theory is more rationally justifiable than the other. Do not rely on “preference” or general intuition about what “seems”
better; explain why you have come to the conclusion that you have.