Residual Income and Business Performance Measures

OVERVIEW: Write a 1-2 page executive summary, along with an appendix of supporting information, in which you analyze an organization’s financial performance as well as their level of risk for lending and make and present a recommendation to help leadership make a loan decision.

RESOURCES:

Residual Income and Business Performance Measures

The following resources cover residual income and business performance measures:

  • Friedl, G. (2005). Incentive properties of residual income when there is an option to wait. Schmalenbach Business Review, 57(1), 3–21.
  • Vij, S., & Bedi, H. S. (2016). Are subjective business performance measures justified? International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, 65(5), 603–621.

Ratio Analysis

The following resources address how ratio analysis is conducted and used by various organizations:

  • Bujaki, M., & Durocher, S. (2012). Industry identification through ratio analysis. Accounting Perspectives, 11(4), 315–322.
  • Hsu, H. C. (2010). Using MSN money to perform financial ratio analysis. Journal of College Teaching and Learning, 7(9), 25–35.
  • Avakmovic, J., & Avakumovic, J. (2016). Method of financial analysis and impact on quality of decision making. EuroEconomica, 35(2), 23–30. Retrieved from https://doaj.org/article/a87cde01b5cd4f9784653dcf831842ce

INSTRUCTIONS:

Use a firm or scenario of your choosing.

Before choosing a company, read the assessment thoroughly to ensure:

  • The company fits the assessment requirements.
  • You have access to the financial statements and related performance documents needed to assess risk and make a loan recommendation. You will need information for this year and last year.
  • Distribute the financial statements and related performance documents without disclosing confidential company information.

Loan Recommendation

To arrive at your recommendation, analyze the financial performance of the requesting company and present it to your organization’s upper-management team. The management team will take your recommendation into consideration as they finalize loan requests.

  • Analyze the company’s performance and performance trends. Include the following in your analysis:
  • Analyze the trend for accounts receivable collections.
  • Identify the trend.
  • Explain the relevance of the trend.
  • Determine if the trend is improving or getting worse.
  • Compare the company’s average inventory turnover to the industry average inventory turnover rate. Note that the average industry turnover rate for Ace Company is 10 times per year.
  • Consider whether the company’s average inventory turnover is higher or lower than the industry average.
  • Explain whether a higher or lower average is better.
  • Determine whether the trend is improving or getting worse.
  • Evaluate the company’s short-term and long-term credit worthiness based on financial performance and trend (comparing this year to last year). Include in your evaluation:
  • Information about performance and trends.
  • Information about other relevant financial information you consider important to the decision.
  • Your recommendation regarding whether the bank should grant the loan based on the financial data.

Deliverable Format

The management team of your organization requests this information in the form of a 1–2 page executive summary along with a title page, references page, and appendix of supporting information. The executive summary must highlight the key findings from your review and will provide your recommendation and rationale. The appendix must include data used in your analysis for others to review. Assume that this document is the only communication in regard to your analysis and recommendation and that you will not be with the team to explain anything as it deliberates. In other words, the documentation you provide must be well organized and include information for the management team to clearly see your recommendation and rationale.

Related company report standards:
  • The executive summary is a professional document and should therefore follow the corresponding MBA Academic and Professional Document Guidelines, including single-spaced paragraphs.
  • In addition to the executive summary, include:
  • A title page.
  • A references page.
  • Appendix with supporting materials. If you are using a firm or scenario of your choosing, ensure faculty has sufficient information to understand how you reached your recommendation.
  • At least two APA-formatted references.

Last Updated on April 17, 2020