– The term design refers to the creative, and technical process of deciding the features of a new or changed service program.
– The process involves translating the program goals and objectives, as well as the understandings of the problem, needs, and the target population, into a new or changed service plan
For this assignment each student will:
1.Generate Alternative Solutions – You can generate a limited set of alternative solutions by reviewing your notes and recalling ideas that emerged during earlier stages of the planning process.
2.For each alternative solution, provide a statement related to:
– The Alternative’s Promise of Success
– Does the alternative show promise of alleviating problems, meeting needs, and achieving program objectives?
– The Alternative’s Goodness of Fit
– Is the alternative solution responsive and sensitive to characteristics of the target population? –
The Alternative’s Possibility of Being Implemented:
Can the alternative be implemented?
Are the technical and structured aspects or processes of the program so complex that they cannot be carried out?
3.List the advantages and disadvantages of each alternative solution that you have developed.
- Identifying the problem
- The need that I am looking to address is the need of establishing adequate afterschool programs in District 17 in Brooklyn New York for low-income families.
- Hypotheses about the cause of the problem
- The inadequacy of affordable youth-serving organizations such as scouts and boys and girls clubs.
- 6% of people living in Brooklyn New York live below the federal poverty line.
- 31% of parents fear for the safety of afterschool programs for their children.
- The cost required to set up and operate an afterschool program is high for most people to afford.
- Select at least two causes that you will explore and discuss the feasibility aspect of each.
- The insufficiency of affordable youth-serving organizations such as scouts and boys and girls clubs.
Afterschool programs currently available in District 17 Brooklyn requires the parent to pay a high fee for the child to be enrolled. This leaves out children from the low-income families that cannot afford the cost.
- 6% of people living in Brooklyn New York that lives below the federal poverty line.
23.6% of people living under the central poverty line in Brooklyn is a huge number. As a result, most parents in District 17 are not able to afford to take their children to afterschool school programs.
- Magnitude and Scope of the Problem and needs proposal will address
23.6% of people living in poverty is a very high percentage. As many as 1,151,361 children have not yet been enrolled in an afterschool program mostly due to a high fee (Afterschool Alliance np). This is because there are only five nonprofit afterschool programs in Brooklyn. My proposal seeks to address this problem by introducing affordable afterschool activities in District 17 in Brooklyn. This will solve the inadequacy problem of affordable afterschool programs.
- Assess the needs of your proposal normatively
My proposal is useful, practical and economically viable. It seeks to come up with an afterschool program and incorporate some activities that children can undertake. Such activities include playing musical instruments, scouting, drawing, playing various sports and attending different boy and girl club.
- Assess the needs of your proposal comparatively
In comparison with the already existing afterschool program, parents have to pay a higher fee for their children to enroll. Most parents from the low-income cannot afford it. The proposal seeks to eliminate this problem by establishing a nonprofit afterschool program that children from low-income families can benefit.
- Data Sources
- Poverty in New York- US Census Bureau
- Afterschool Alliance website
- Similar and complementary services that are already in place.
Already in place are five nonprofit afterschool programs in Brooklyn that are being operated by the Catholic Church (Afterschool Alliance np).
- Initial findings that you found based on your survey of the data
Based on my investigation, I found that a large number of children are not attending afterschool programs since they cannot afford it. The current plans in the area are either charging too much money or do not have enough capacity to accommodate all of them.
- Discuss how you will prioritize needs
I will first look for a suitable location in District 17 Brooklyn where I will introduce the program. I will also sensitize the importance of afterschool program among the low-income earners and encourage them to enroll. I will also organize activities that children can engage in all at an affordable fee.
“Afterschool Alliance.” Afterschoolalliance.org. N. p., 2018. Web. 13 Mar. 2018.
Program Goals Assignment
- Translate Problems and Needs into Program Goals
- Background Information:
- Goals give direction to breaking down, or getting a handle on selected aspects of the condition, problem, or need.
- Formulate outcome objectives for each of your program goals
- Planners must proceed to transform each program goal into one or more specific desired and anticipated outcomes that denote future changes in the behavior or conditions of the target population.
- As the solution is developed, the planning group relies on the program goals and outcome objectives to drive the design of the service program.
- In planning a new or changed program, outcome objectives require companion process objectives, and each must relate to each other
- Formulate process objectives for your program
- Process objectives denote the means by which the program outcome objectives are to be achieved.
- These may include eligibility criteria, an expansion of the service area or target population, the way services should be delivered, the flow of service beneficiaries through the program, the way staff are deployed, staff skills essential to the effective operation of the service program, and others
- Formulate output objectives for your program
- Background Information:
- Output objectives pertain to the quantity or amount that is produced at (or immediately just over) the outer boundary of the program process during a given time (for example: daily, weekly, monthly, annually, or at the end of a program or budget cycle).
- Output objectives may be set for the numbers of persons to be served, the number of services to be provided (for example: days of care counseling sessions, health screenings), or the number of goods to be produced or delivered
- Background Information:
- State the Standards of Performance
- Standards of performance refer to the measures intended to assess the achievement of particular outcome, process, and output objectives.
- These measures may include the time or interval required to achieve the objective or the frequency with which something is to occur.
- Standards may specify outcomes such as the length of time for which the changes in the recipients are to be sustained or the preferred qualities of the conditions or the behavior.
Does every program goal have program outcome objectives?
Do the program outcome objectives have related process and output objectives?
Is there a hierarchy or a priority among objectives?
Are the program objectives stated in measurable terms?