Leadership and decision making

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Assessment Task Two: Leadership: From theory to practice and self reflection

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Due Date: Week 09

Type: Individual

Weighting: Total 50%

Length: 3,000 words


This is a Work Integrated Learning (WIL) assessment task that allows students to apply their knowledge and skills into practical situations. It is assessed through a real workplace context where feedback from industry is integral to students’ experience. This assessment is designed to lead you from critical analysis of your role model to reflect on how you can improve your own leadership qualities and effectiveness through three learning stages: a) Observation; b) Interview; and c) Self-reflection.


The first stage is to select a person whom you consider to be a successful and effective leader. This person could be someone you work with or for, or with whom you have the opportunity to interact. Then, through your observation, you will identify the person’s leadership traits and behaviours. The learning outcome of this stage is that you are challenged to apply the theories in this course with your observation.

For the second stage, you are asked to interview the person who has served as your role model in the first stage to get his or her feedback. From the interview you are expected to learn not only from your role model’s experience but also about the complexities of leadership. During the interview stage, you will also get feedback from your role model on your findings from Stage One.

In the final stage, Self reflection and Recommendation, you are asked to reflect on your own leadership, based on what you learnt the observation and feedback from your role model, and consider how your own leadership qualities could be improved. By going through these three stages, you should be able to critically analyse and evaluate leadership theories and practices and understand how to improve your own leadership effectiveness and qualities.

Important Note:

Background information of chosen leader:

The chosen leader and role model currently holds a position of being a director of 3 private companies. Started out her business career at a young age of 23, handling the maintenance, repair and servicing of private cars with less than 5 employees. In a short span of 7 years, she managed to expand her business and now the company also has major contracts with government bodies fixing of breakdown vehicles (examples are ambulances and Singapore Police Force vehicles). Alongside with the 3 private companies, she also owns her own workshop and office with a large group of 70 employees.


Final Paper


Identify a person who you consider to be a successful or effective leader. This could be someone you work with or for (for example: business, professional, sport, volunteer work, religious organisations etc.) or anyone who through some association you judge to be a good leader. It needs to be someone you can observe in person or from your past experience, not a public figure or someone you have read about.

In your observation, critically analyze:

  • What you perceive this person’s leadership traits and behaviors;
  • How he/she uses power and influence tactics to make him/her an effective leader; and
  • Whether the person changes his/her leadership in various situations.



You must be able to apply theories/concepts/models covered in this course to support your observation.



As simple observation will not capture the complexities of leadership, interview the leader. Ask your chosen leader to describe his/her leadership behaviours, traits and his/her use of power and influence tactics, whether and how he/she changes his/her leadership in various situations and see if his/her feedback can confirm your findings from your earlier observation. Using the ideas and knowledge you have gained from the course to guide you, but keeping your questions open ended. Also, ask them ‘what they think are the characteristics of a good and effective leader’. Encourage them to be specific – a good way to do this is to ask, after their initial responses, that they give examples or share stories that illustrate when they felt they displayed good and effective leadership.  Then try and get them to focus on the traits and behaviours that enabled them to be an effective leader. Also, ask them ‘what they think it takes to lead successfully based on their experience and what not to do’. Again, you must demonstrate your ability to critically analyse the theories, models, and concepts to support your conclusions from your interview.


Self-Reflection & Recommendation

Reflect on what you have learned from the first two stages, critically analyse and discuss:

  • What have you learnt about the complexities of leadership (critically comparing what theory says and what you found i.e. do your findings support the theories covered in the course?)
  • Given what you have found, how might your own leadership practice be improved as a result of undertaking this assessment?
  • Based on your observation and feedback from your role model, what recommendations would you give him/her to improve their leadership effectiveness?



This assignment should have the following format:
1) Introduction
2) Body with headings and sub-headings (i.e. Observation, Interview, Reflection)
3) Conclusion
4) References
5) Interview questions
6) Appendix (if any)
Note: 4) , 5) and 6) are not included in the word count.


It is expected that you will use at least 10 academic references, preferably refereed journal/research articles. Websites, such as Wikipedia, will not be accepted, other than for providing general details of the leaders and these will not be counted in the minimum references required. Correct and thorough referencing will be a key evaluation element. The quality of your sources will also be considered in the evaluation of your assignment. Please ensure that your spelling, grammar and syntax are correct before you submit your essay. Your tutor will advise on a variety of support services such as SLAMS and the SLC. Further information about referencing style is available in the RMIT Business Referencing Guidelines. For Harvard/RMIT style referencing (in­text and list of references) refer to easycite  The ‘live link’ 

Other requirements:

  • Interview questions must be included in the Appendix section (after ‘Reference List’).
  • In order to comply with RMIT’s Electronic Submission of Assignments Policy, student will be required to submit a soft copy of the assignment through the myRMIT Blackboard site.

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Last Updated on February 23, 2021