How to Write an Article Analysis

Writing an Analysis

Write an analysis of the article “A Natural History of Hygiene”

  1. Begin highlighting the article and making notes in the margins, pointing out the following characteristics of argument and commenting on each of the characteristics. You do NOT have to answer all of these questions. These are here to help you in case you need some assistance writing about the characteristics.


  1. Title
  • Does the title catch your attention?Why or why not?
  • What would make it better, more effective?
  1. Claim
  • What is the writer’s claim?
  • Is the claim appropriate?
  • Does it set the articles in “motion” and lay the foundation for the argument presented? Explain.
  1. Statistics
  • What percentages (%) are given?
  • What ratios are presented?
  • What numbers are given?
  • What studies are mentioned/used?
  • If any of the above are present in the article, then ask the following questions:
  • Where did the numbers come from?
  • Who conducted the studies? Is this person “expert” enough to conduct a study of this type? Why or why not?
  • What is the name of the study or studies?
  • Why was it conducted?
  • Upon whom was the study conducted? What race? Gender? Age? Where? Why? Are these people representative of the diversity in our world, country, state, city, etc.? Why or why not?
  • What year were the studies conducted
  • In what year did the numbers, percentages, etc. originate? Is this current enough to use as valid information? Why or why not?

How to Write an Article Analysis

  1. Experts
  • What are their names? They must be named.
  • How are they experts?
  • Do they have a degree?
  • Have they done vast research in this area? How long?
  • What are their titles?
  • Where are they considered experts?
  • Writers of the articles must show proof to verify expertise of anyone they mention in the articles.
  • What should have been included to make the paper more effective in the expert category? Why?
  1. Contradiction
  • Does the writer say one thing in one area of the article only to say the exact opposite in one form or fashion somewhere else in the article? Point this out and tell why you think this was done.
  • Does the writer say one thing and mean another anywhere? If so, point out this contradiction and tell why you feel it was presented.
  1. Language
  • Is there any sexist language in either article? (e.g. male/female stereotyping, bashing, assumptions, etc.) If so, point these out and tell how negative this is and the effect is has on the argument presented and on the credibility of the writer.
  • Is there any prejudiced language in either article? (cultural, racial, religious, etc.) If so, point these out and discuss the negative impact they have on the argument presented and the credibility of the writer.
  • Is there any inappropriate language used? Point any inappropriate language out and discuss the effect it has on the paper.



  1. Introduction
  • Does the introduction of each article get you (the reader) interested enough in the topic to read on? Why or why not? Be specific. Tell what should have been included to catch your interest.
  1. Conclusion
  • Does the conclusion of the article leave you (the reader) with something you will not forget? Why or why not? If so, please discuss what you will remember.
  • Is the conclusion presented effectively? Explain how or how not.
  • Tell what should have been used to make it stronger.
  1. Opposition
  • The article should have the opposing side mentioned somewhere.
  • Is the opposition mentioned?
  • Is it fairly presented? Why or why not and explain.
  • If not, then tell what should have been included in the article.
  1. Assumption
  • Does the writer assume anything in the article?
  • If so, please note these unwarranted presentations of information and tell about the negative impact they have on the article(s).
  • Discuss how assumption ruins a writer’s credibility.

Writing an Analysis/Reading Critique of an Article


The following are characteristics to look for in an effective argument.  The ones in all CAPS are major characteristics, and the ones in lower case are minor characteristics. The red statements are what you ask as you are reading critically. You need to answer these in your paper. I do not want to know whether or not you agree with what is written, but I do want to know how strongly or weakly the characteristics are written: title, claim, opposition, common ground, experts and evidence.


Strong? Why? Proof?

Weak? Why? Proof? What would need to be done to make it stronger? (I call this a “fix-it”.) Why is this one stronger?

  3. OPPOSITION: The “other side” of the argument in the article. Those who not agree with the writer’s claim.
  4. COMMON GROUND: This is the place where a “meeting of the minds” takes place and both sides agree on this one thing. There is always a common ground, but it is sometimes implied and not explicitly stated.
  5. SUPPORTING EVIDENCE (its credibility):Is the evidence valid/credible? How? Why? Proof?
    • Statistics
    • Graphs
    • Studies
    • Reports
    • Percentages
    • Numbers
    • Expert testimony
  6. EXPERTS:What makes these people experts? Degrees? Experience? Titles? Proof?
  7. OPINION VS. FACT —Optional
  8. CONTRADICTION (Mention it only if it is there.)
  9. LANGUAGE (Sexist? Racist? Does it exploit? Inappropriate tone? Stereotypes?)—Optional
  10. ASSUMPTION (Mention it only if it is there.)

Suggested Set-Up

You do need to underline/bold/highlight each of the characteristics as shown in the sample paper.

  1. Introduction:
  • Must include author’s name and title of article
  • Must include your claim re: your overall view of the article.


  1. Title/Claim:
  • Quote the title of the article. Is it well written? Strong? Weak?
  • Explain specifically why it is strong or weak. If it is weak, then give a suggestion for a strong title.
  • What is the author’s claim? Quote it.
  • Is it strong or weak and why?


  1. Opposition/Common Ground:
  • What is the “other side” mentioned in the article (the one that disagrees with the author of the article)? Quote it. The opposition must be quoted fairly and appropriately. Explain why it is quotedfairly or why it is not. Be specific. If it is not, then tell what should have been there to make it an effective opposition.
  • Quote the common ground (the place where there is a “meeting of the minds”, the point where both sides agree before they part ways). If there is not one, mention that as a negative and tell what should have been stated to show common ground re: the topic.


How to Write an Article Analysis


  1. Supporting Evidence:
  • Give quotes of the strong and weak types of supporting evidence used in the article(1 of each). Tell why it is positive or negative. Tell what should have been written to make it strong if it is weak. (e.g. What is the name of the study/survey? When was it done? Who did it? How many people were used/asked? How many males, females, etc? What racial diversity was used? Where was the study/survey done?)


  1. Experts/Credibility:
  • Give examples (at least 2) of experts used and tell why those people are or are not experts. What position do they hold and for how long? What vested interest do these people have and why? What makes them credible? Explain. What makes them not credible? What degree do they have? From where? What should have been mentioned in order to prove to the reader that this person, organization, people are experts?


  1. Conclusion:
  • Give your overall analysis of the article. Be specific. Is it an article you would recommend for someone else to read? Why or why not? In this paragraph, you can also tell whether you agree or disagree with the subject-matter presented in the article as well.

Last Updated on September 23, 2018 by EssayPro