Functional Anatomy

 

Student Name___________________________                          Section________________________

Review for Week 1 Readings
Fill in the Diagram

 

 

 

What is the difference between a displaced and non-displaced fracture?

 

Define as related to fracture healing:

                Non-Union:

                Mal-Union:

                Delayed Union:

 

What is Open Reduction vs Closed Reduction treatment of a fracture?

Explain Wolff’s Law:

 

Defineand provide 2 examples for the following articulations:
1. Fibrous Articulation-

 

Example 1. _________________________________ Example 2. ____________________________

  1. Cartilaginous Articulation-

 

 

Example 1.__________________________________                 Example 2. _________________________________

 

  1. Synovial Articulation –

 

Example 1. ___________________________________            Example 2_______________________________

 

Provide an example for the following “Subtypes” of a Synovial Joint (Clarkson pg. 5 can help)
A. Condyloid (bicondylar)-

  1. Pivot/ Rotational –
  2. Saddle (sellar)-
  3. Hinge (ginglymus)-
  4. Gliding (plane)-
  5. Ball and Socket (spheroidal)-

 

Define Active vs Passive Insufficiency. Provide examples and use the above image as a reference:

 

 

 

 

Define Arthrokinematics:

In your words explain 2 Arthrokinematic Motions:
1.

2.

What is the concave-convex rule?  Provide an example in the body.

 

 

 

 

Define what the therapist experiences when assessing an End Feel

 

 

Fill in the table based on Normal End Feels

End Feel Description
Hard  
Firm  
Soft  

 

Abnormal End Feels:

End Feel Description/Example
Empty  
Boggy  
Spasm  
Unexpected Hard, Soft or Firm Example: A hard end feel noted with elbow flexion after ORIF may indicate hardware in the joint space.

 

Define the following muscle contractions:

Isometric contraction:

Concentric contraction:

Eccentric contraction:

 

How can Joint Position affect muscle strength?

 

 

 

Define the following terms:

Agonists

 

Antagonists

 

Synergists

 

Stabilizers or Fixators

 

 

Describe an Open Chain Exercise:

 

 

Describe a Closed Chain Exercise:

 

 

In your words describe the Length-Tension Relationship of muscle tissue:

 

 

 

 

Last Updated on January 19, 2018 by Essay Pro