Cigarette Smoking, USA (2015)

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Using the attached statistical data set, develop 3 research questions. For each question, you will need to apply a different statistical inferential test (Hypothesis testing, Testing relationships, independent samples t-test, paired t-test, ANOVA, non-parametric test, etc).

among adults in 2015 (Nation)
– Current –
CIGARETTE SMOKING
CS262617-B

More than 16 million Americans live with
a smoking-related disease.
1
Current smoking has declined from nearly 21
of every 100 adults (20.9%) in 2005 to about
15 of every 100 adults (15.1%) in 2015.
1
Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of
preventable disease and death
in the United
States, accounting for more than 480,000
deaths every year or
1 of every 5 deaths.2
In 2015, about 15 of every 100 U.S. adults aged
18 years or older
(15.1%) currently* smoked
cigarettes. This means an estimated 36.5 million
adults in the United States currently smoke
cigarettes.
1

*Current smokers are defned as persons who reported smoking at least
100 cigarettes during their lifetime and who, at the time they participated
in a survey about this topic, reported smoking every day or some days.
www.cdc.gov/tobacco
OVERVIEW

Nearly 17 of every 100 non-Hispanic Blacks
16.7%
BY RACE/ETHNICITY1
Current cigarette smoking was highest among non-Hispanic American Indians/Alaska Natives
and people of multiple races
and lowest among non-Hispanic Asians.
More than 20 of every 100 non-Hispanic multiple race individuals
More than 10 of every 100 Hispanics
*Non-Hispanic Asians do not include Native Hawaiians or Other Pacifc Islanders.
BY AGE1
13 of every 100 adults
aged 18–24 years
Nearly 18 of every 100
adults
aged 25–44 years
17 of every 100 adults
aged 45–64 years
Current cigarette smoking was higher among persons aged 18–24 years, 25–44 years, and
45–64 years than among those aged 65 years and older.
13.0% 17.7% 17.0% 8.4%
More than 8 of every 100
adults
aged 65 years and older
Nearly 22 of every 100 non-Hispanic American Indians/
Alaska Natives
Men were more likely to be
current cigarette smokers
than women.

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Nearly 17 of every
100 adult men
More than 13 of
every 100 adult
women
GENDER1
16.7% 13.6%
20.2%
More than 16 of every 100 non-Hispanic Whites
16.6%
10.1%
7.0%
7 of every 100 non-Hispanic Asians*
12.4% 18.7% 13.5%
15.3%
BY POVERTY STATUS1
Current cigarette smoking was higher among persons living below the poverty* level than those
living at or above this level.
About 26 of every 100 adults
who live below the poverty level
Nearly
14 of every 100 adults who
live at or above the poverty level
13.9%
*Poverty thresholds are based on U.S. Census Bureau data.
26.1%
BY U.S. CENSUS REGION1
Nearly 19 of every 100 adults who live in
the Midwest
More than
15 of every 100 adults who live
in the South
More than
13 of every 100 adults who live
in the Northeast
More than
12 of every 100 adults who live
in the West
Current cigarette smoking was highest in the Midwest and lowest in the West.
Current cigarette smoking was
highest among persons with a graduate education
degree (GED) certifcate
and lowest among those with a graduate degree.
More than 24 of every 100 adults
with 12 or fewer years of education
(no diploma) (24.2%)
Nearly 20 of every 100 adults with a
high school diploma (19.8%)
More than
16 of every 100 adults with
an
associate’s degree (16.6%)
More than
18 of every 100 adults with
some college (
no degree) (18.5%)
More than
7 of every 100 adults with
an
undergraduate college degree
(7.4%)
More than
3 of every 100 adults
with a graduate degree (3.6%)
About 34 of every 100 adults
with a GED certifcate
34.1%
BY EDUCATION1
BY SEXUAL ORIENTATION1
Lesbian/gay/
bisexual adults were
more likely to be
current smokers
than straight adults.
More than 20 of every 100
lesbian/gay/bisexual adults
20.6%
Nearly 15 of every 100
straight adults
14.9%
BY DISABILITY/LIMITATION1
Current cigarette smoking was higher among persons with a disability/
limitation than among those with no disability/limitation.
Nearly 14 of every 100 adults who reported having
no disability/limitation
21.5%
13.8%
More than 21 of every 100 adults who reported having
a disability/limitation
REFERENCES
1. Centers Disease Control and Prevention. HYPERLINK “/mmwr/volumes/65/wr/mm6544a2.htm?s_
cid=mm6544a2_w”Cigarette Smoking Among Adults—United States, 2005–2015. Morbidity and Mortality
Weekly Report 2016;65(44):1205–11 [accessed 2016 Nov 14].
2. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. HYPERLINK “/tobacco/data_statistics/sgr/50th-anniversary/
index.htm”The Health Consequences of Smoking—50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General.
Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National
Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Ofce on Smoking and Health, 2014 [accessed
2016 Nov 14

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Last Updated on April 25, 2020 by Essay Pro