Adult learning


Your paper should be approximately 2000 words in length.

You do not need to include an abstract, but must include a reference list. All works you cite in your paper must be included in the list in alphabetical order; do not include any works that are not cited in your paper.

Use the American Psychological Association (APA) style of writing and referencing (i.e., clear, concise, critically reflective and includes citations to support what you write) throughout your paper. Be sure to look at the rubric so that you know what are the criteria for marking. If you have any questions, please contact your professor.

Required Textbook Readings (for Assignment)

Merriam & Bierema. (2014). Adult learning. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass

Chapter Five – “Transformative Learning”
Chapter Eleven – “Critical Thinking and Critical Perspective”
Required Articles (for Assignment)

Cranton, P. (2002). Teaching for transformation. New Directions for Adult & Continuing Education, 93, 63-92. Retrieved from:,cookie,ip,uid&db=a9h&AN=9179019

Hodge, S. (2010). Trainers and transformation: Facilitating the ‘dark side’ of vocational learning. International Journal of Training research, 8(1), 53-62.

John, V. M. (2016). Transformative learning challenges in a context of trauma and fear: an educator’s story. Australian Journal of Adult Learning, 56(2), 268-288. Retrieved from:,cookie,ip,uid&db=ehh&AN=116897929


Drawing on the required readings, explain what is transformative learning, and its relation to the affective learning domain. Explain and discuss a critically reflective manner the following question: What responsibility do adult educators bear for the pain and discomfort of learners as well as their growth and successes?”

Last Updated on January 23, 2018

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