What is the perspective?

Chapter 2 Questions

  1. Define, explain, and give examples of the following using the language of social

psychology (S.P.) used in the text. When an idea is credited to a specific name or names,

be certain to give the names.

  1. Explain the basic approach of the Symbolic Interactionist perspective.
  2. Define these concepts in the Symbolic Interactionist perspective.
  3. Society
  4. Agency
  5. Symbol
  6. Language
  7. Social construction of reality
  8. Thomas theorem
  9. Social scripts
  10. Iowa and Indiana schools of symbolic interactionism.

III. Explain the basic approach of the Social Structure and Personality perspective.

  1. Define these concepts in the Social Structure and Personality perspective.
  2. Components principle
  3. Proximity principle
  4. Psychology Principle
  5. Status
  6. Roles
  7. Social norms
  8. Social networks
  9. Social forces
  10. Explain the basic approach of the Group Processes perspective.
  11. Define these concepts in the Group Processes perspective.
  12. Group
  13. Power
  14. Justice
  15. Legitimacy
  16. Group Size – Dyad
  17. Group Size – Triad
  18. Types of groups – Primary groups
  19. Types of groups – Secondary groups
  20. Types of groups – Reference groups


Chapter 2 Self-Application over lecture

After reading the lecture “SIGNS AND SYMBOLS,” sit in front of a mirror. Using your hands,

your face, and any other body parts to give signs and symbols, make a list of the meanings you

could deliver to another person without saying a word. Try for a bare minimum of twenty.

Please refer to the attatchment “SIGNS AND SYMBOLS” for this self-application


Self-Applications over Class Lecture Grading Rubric: Based on the thoughtfulness of your effort in working with ideas from the

lecture and chapter. One approach could be to take a couple of the main ideas from the chapter

and apply them to the lecture in the light of your own life experiences. If upon completion you

feel you have accomplished something in advancing your understanding of human behavior,

your effort will be acceptable.



Self-Application over Lecture – Example

Throughout this chapter, I learned some important information regarding the art of

persuasion. I, like the author, like to argue and always want to be right. My belief is that logic

and common sense should be prevalent enough to come up to the same conclusions that I

have. I’ve not taken into account the emotions of a person and what they think might be in it for

  1. When I make arguments (pending on the situation), I want to come to a decision that will

best accommodate everyone involved. Others will agree that I put other people’s interest way

before my own. For example, during the holiday season, there was an overnight shift at work

that had to be covered for someone who had a family emergency and was unable to work. The

person who did the scheduling for the program came to me and said that she had talked to

everyone personally and nobody was willing to cover the shift. During staff meeting a couple

days later, I discussed the open overnight shift. In my discussion I talked up the team as to how

great we were compared to other programs, how tight we have bonded and are always helping

one another. At the end, I offered to cover part of the overnight shift (mentioning that I was an

exempt employee and wouldn’t get paid for the extra hours) and was looking for others who

would split the shift with me. More than half of the staff offered to help with the shift. My staff

is aware that I do not expect them to do anything that I have not or will not do myself and

although I don’t have to prove it, it reassures their perception of me when I do.

While revisiting this situation, I wondered why the supervisor was unable to get anyone

to work the overnight shift. She was more than prepared to do it herself until the staff

meeting. She has a good rapport with most all of the staff but is still somewhat new to her

position as supervisor. I have a greater influence over the staff than she does due to my position,

competence and rapport with all the staff members individually and as a team. Since she is new

to the position, she has yet to gain this status and trust with all the staff. Talking up the team as a

whole put everyone in a good mood, not to mention that I announced we were awarded “Provider

of the Year” by the Division of Youth Corrections for this year. When I presented the lack of

coverage as a team issue, the majority of staff was willing to jump in and help out. Everyone

but myself was to gain financially from this shift as it would have been overtime for most. Showing that I was willing to go above and beyond set the bar high for everyone and

many were ready to meet the challenge.

Above I mentioned that I always like to be right, and so does my wife. Often times this

ends up in pretty funny debates as to how we can convince each other of our view. Most of these

debates are over trivial issues that neither of us care about and being right or wrong will not

impact us either way. We both like to argue. In my bookcase I have a book by Gerry Spence

How to Argue and Win Every Time. This is a book I read almost 10 years ago and barely

remember the information in it. My wife has seen the book (not read it) and refers to it often in

the context that I might need to brush up and read the book again just to spite me. Recently we

had a discussion regarding preschool for our oldest daughter. She did a lot of research regarding

the educational opportunities in our community and had scheduled a tour. The school we were

to tour was for low to middle class families and a very few high income families. To my

complete astonishment we were considered high income. The chances were not good that we

would be able to get into this school due to our status. Other schools in the area were primarily

Christian based schools. My wife is uncomfortable with sending our children to Christian

schools mainly because she never has been to church and it is “the unknown” to her. She has no

desire to even attend a church sermon to see what it’s about. I on the other hand, went to church

every Sunday of my youth. I am much more comfortable sending my children to a Christian

school than she is because of my familiarity with it. In my persuasion to get her to at least

consider a Christian school, I mentioned that neither one of us has anything to lose in this

situation. The schooling is for our daughter and regardless of biases we need to consider all

options. Maybe I do remember a thing or two from Gerry Spence. In the end we both agreed to

visit 3-4 preschool programs and pick the one we felt would be best for our daughter, biases

aside. In this situation we both had emotional views that went beyond our daughter’s

education. I am more comfortable with a Christian based school due to my past experiences with church and the type of people that church collects (as in good natured people). On the other

hand, a school for mostly low income families can put our daughter in a position of mingling

with children or siblings of our clients. Not that she would have any knowledge of this but the

idea that we do make enemies could potentially put her at harm. What a thought. Might as well

home school!



Last Updated on February 11, 2019