History Week 4
Classmate response #1:
What issues did the new government under the Constitution face?
How do they compare to the issues faced by the government under the Articles of Confederation?
Which period faced the worst obstacles and why?
Pick a few examples to make your point, explaining WHY, and give specific illustrations for each, being sure to support your answer with facts (including citations—of course).
The Articles of Confederation spoke to the Americans’ doubt of the very explanation the Articles of Confederation were made with a feeble national government was on the grounds that the composers of it dreaded a solid focal government. This empowered to states to have such a lot of power that the security of the nation was put in danger.
In numerous regards federalism which suggests a solid focal government was something contrary to the proposed arrangement that they upheld. An increasingly exact name for the supporters of the Constitution would have been nationalists. The nationalist label, be that as it may, would have been a political obligation in the 1780’s. Conventional political conviction of the Revolutionary Era held that solid brought together authority would unavoidably prompt a maltreatment of intensity. The Federalists were additionally mindful that that the issues of the nation in the 1780’s originated from the shortcomings of the focal government made by the Articles of Confederation.
For Federalists, the Constitution was required so as to shield the freedom and autonomy that the American Revolution had made. While the Federalists unquestionably had built up another political way of thinking, they considered their to be import job as shielding the social additions of the Revolution.
As James Madison, one of the incomparable Federalist pioneers later clarified, the Constitution was intended to be a republican solution for the maladies generally episode to republican government. The Federalists had in excess of a creative political arrangement and a very much picked name to help their motivation. A large number of the most capable pioneers of the period who had the most involvement with national-level work were Federalists.
For instance the main two national-level big names of the period, Benjamin Franklin and George Washington, supported the Constitution. Notwithstanding these noteworthy whizzes, the Federalists were efficient, all around supported, and utilized the printed word. Most papers upheld the Federalists’ political arrangement and distributed articles and handouts to clarify why the individuals ought to endorse the Constitution. Notwithstanding this scope of significant focal points, the Federalists despite everything had a hard battle before them. Their new arrangements were a huge modification of political convictions right now.
Most essentially, the Federalists accepted that the best danger to the eventual fate of the United States didn’t lie in the maltreatment of focal force, yet rather could be found in what they saw as the abundances of majority rule government as confirm in famous unsettling influences like Shays’ Rebellion and the star borrower strategies of numerous states.
So the problems of the country experience under the Article of Confederation is that the congress didn’t have any money and it didn’t have the ability to fund-raise, congress had no control over the state governments or their residents, congress couldn’t make the states satisfy exchange concurrences with different countries, congress had no capacity to direct exchange among the states, residents thought their property rights were undermined.
Classmate response #1:
Articles of Confederation to the new national Constitution
The Articles of Confederation was a failure, and should be consider a failure due to glaring defects. The lack or unable to form an army was one of the numerous defects, and obviously one of the reasons why an immediate convention was inevitable to discussing ratification of the Article of the Constitution.
The ineffectiveness of the Article of Confederation enacted to govern the young nation, the poorly invested power on issues and the frequency of riots and rebellion without power to create army, most especially the eruption of Shay’s rebellion, prompted the convention and the unstoppable ratification of the Article of Constitution in 1787.
“The weaknesses of the Confederation government in dealing with such turmoil led political leaders to design a new national constitution and federal government in 1787, both of which proved to be more effective—and lasting—than the Confederation government.” (Shi,pg.192).
The weakness of the Article of Confederation was obvious that George Washington exclaimed “Good God!” and a determination to conclude that the national constitution must be changed to give “energy & respectability to the Government.” Shay’s rebellion creates lots of disorderliness,” In Virginia, George Washington was equally disturbed. “Good God!” he exclaimed.
America needed a “government by which our lives, liberty, and properties will be secured.” (Shi, pg. 197) There was needs to separate the powers, that was later ratified into three governing bodies, the executive (The President), The US Representatives, Senates and the Judicial system.” The new constitution created a “federal” structure in which each citizen is governed by both a state government and the national government.
To prevent power from being abused, each branch of the new national government—executive, legislative, and judicial—was given a separate sphere of authority as well as the responsibility to counterbalance the other branches, a principle known as the separation of powers, to keep any one of the three branches of the government from growing too powerful.” (Shi, pg.200)
Hitherto this period, the young nation was governed under the provisions of Article of Confederation, there was no executive, and no one to exert vetoes, most unfortunately there were neither judicial system. The new national constitution addressed these major weak points.
The separation of power was deemed fit to check and balance to avoiding dictatorial governance. The initial thirteen colonies which later became thirteen states had rules on which the initial Article of Confederation was written, this article was weak and was deliberate so as not to violate the rights of the thirteen states. “The Confederation Congress was weak by design so as not to violate the rights of the thirteen states.” (Shi, pg 192).
The Confederation Congress could neither regulate trades between the states, nor create army, nor pay the country’s large war debts and was able to approve treaties with other nations but lack required power to enforce it. “The Confederation Congress could neither regulate trade between the states or with other nations nor pay off the country’s large war debts; it could approve treaties with other nations but had no power to enforce their terms; it could call for the raising of an army but could not force men to serve.” (Shi, pg. 192).
With the new national Constitution, the government was empowered; this indicates they could enforce laws, enforce people to serve in the army, print money, enforce treaties and became much stronger as there came in place the separation of power. The minority, “common man” may not have gotten a major role, however, the selection of US Representatives which normally serve for 2yrs in office rest under individual shoulders by vote.
The success of power separation provides reliefs, masses believed and agreed that power separation would regulate inappropriateness in the society and that the so called “common man” will have their space in the new nation. James Madison efforts pay off as most delegates concurred to his opinions. “Most delegates agreed with Madison that their young nation needed a stronger national government and less powerful state governments.” (Shi, pg 199). It was clear that all authority will be derived by the people.
“Two basic and interrelated assumptions guided the Constitutional Convention: (1) that the national government must have direct authority over the citizenry rather than governing the people only through the state governments and (2) that the national government must derive its “sovereignty” (powers) directly from the people rather than from the state governments.” (Shi, pg.199). With all these enumerated facts above and citations, it’s obvious that the shift from Article of Confederation to Article of national Constitution was inevitable and thus found necessary.
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