Risk and Resilience in a Community Context

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Research Paper


Overview
: As Child and Adolescent Development majors you are interested in how children develop and learn.
Furthermore, you also have a responsibility to work to ensure that children and adolescents are competent in all
areas of development. Most children have the minimally necessary attributes and environments to ensure healthy
development. However, this is not the case for a substantial subset of children – children who are at-risk for poor
developmental outcomes for a variety of reasons. As professionals working with children and adolescents, you need
to provide evidence-based prevention and intervention programs that are designed to decrease risk and promote
resilience in children and adolescents. You will be writing a term paper to help familiarize you with that kind of
process. Additionally, you will create an evidence-based prevention or intervention program to address the risk
factor you focus on in your paper.

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Paper Guidelines (45 points):


A. Begin by choosing a developmental topic that is related to risk (e.g., gang membership, high school drop-out,
dating violence, etc.). You will analyze this topic from three perspectives:
1. Negative developmental outcomes associated with experiencing/engaging in the topic
2. Risk factors for engaging in/experiencing the topic for the first time
3. Protective factors that can either buffer the negative outcomes OR deter experiencing or engaging in
the topic in the first place
B. Your introduction should describe the topic, describe demographic information about the topic, and finish
with a general over-view of what the paper will discuss in the following paragraphs. You will need one or
two credible sources (e.g., CDC, US Department of Education, US Department of Justice, US Department of
Health and Human Services, Kids Count, etc.) to provide the demographic information about the topic. That
is, indicate what percent of children/adolescents experience the topic, which children/adolescents are most
likely to experience the topic (e.g., gender, age, SES, ethnicity, family structure, etc.).
C. The body of your paper will be based on
at least six peer-reviewed, empirical research articles. Two
articles can be used to describe what we currently know about the topic from a developmental perspective
(i.e., negative outcomes); at least two of the articles should discuss risk factors; and at least two of the articles
should discuss protective factors. It will help to break the body of the paper into three subsections – (a)
developmental review of the topic, (b) risk factors; and (c) protective factors. This means you may cite any or
all of the six articles in multiple places in the paper. Be sure to describe the subjects, study goals, and
specific empirical findings for each study you cite. The
ChAD LibGuide is a very useful place to begin your
search. The research articles must be published in the last 10 years.
D. Your analysis should categorize each unique result for negative outcomes, risk factors, and protective factors
into a developmental domain (cognitive, social, emotional, or physical). At the end of all three sections you
should sum-up key trends and indicate the most common domains impacted by the topic.
E. Your conclusion should include the following elements: (1) a brief over-view of the key points from the
paper related to negative outcomes; (2) an over-view of the risk factors that lead to experiencing/engaging in
the topic; (3) an over-view of protective factors that promote resilience for this topic; (4) an analysis of the
domains and levels that are the most common for both risk and protective factors; and (5) recommendations
for applying this knowledge to actually decrease risk and promote resilience in the context of your topic –
this will lead you to part II of the assignment – your prevention or intervention program).
F. You will need an APA title page and full reference page for all the sources cited and discussed in your paper.
G. Some important reminders: (1) your paper should be
at least 5-pages of text (does not count the title page or
the reference page); (2) you need
at least 6 peer-reviewed empirical research articles and two credible
web-sites
; (3) all in-text citations and full references should be in correct APA format – no author first
names, journal name, or article title in the text of the paper; (4) use 12-point Times/Times New Roman font
and 1-inch margins; (5) avoid direct quotes – paraphrase (i.e., summarize in your own words); (6) do not
describe the methods, measures, author affiliation, or the article literature review – information from the
article should only include a 1- to 2-sentence description of the subjects and study goals and the relevant
results from the empirical study; and (7) integrate (link) your articles rather than listing them.

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Rubric:


Introduction (0-5)

0-1 Point 2 Points 3 Points 4 Points 5 Points
Vague introduction in one or
two sentences and/or uses
personal examples.
Introduction is short (2- to 3-
sentences) but specifically
presents the topic.
Introduction is short (2- to 3-
sentences) but specifically
presents the topic. Has one of
the following: general or limited
demographic information about
the topic, or a brief, limited
overview of the topic.
Introduction provides a
comprehensive description of
the topic and has either general
background information AND a
brief, limited over-view of the
topic OR it has a more detailed
set of demographics but no
paper over-view; OR it has a
detailed paper over-view but no
demographic information.
Introduction provides a
comprehensive description of
the topic, detailed demographic
information and a thorough
over-view of the paper.

Quality of the Developmental Discussion (0-5 Points)

0 points 1 point 2 points 3-4 points 5 points
Does not review negative
outcomes associated with the
topic.
Has a vague or minimal review
of negative outcomes associated
with the topic.
Has a general review of
empirical findings that reflects
some understanding of the
negative outcomes associated
with the topic. Does not go into
detail or cite specific findings.
Provides a fairly rigorous review
that reflects adequate
understanding of the negative
outcomes associated with the
topic. Discusses and cites specific
findings. Generally discusses
domains.
Provides a rigorous review of
empirical findings that reflects
strong understanding of negative
outcomes associated with the
topic based on specific findings.
Links each outcome to a
domain.

Quality of the Discussion of Risk Factors (0-5 points)

0 Points 1 Points 2 Points 3-4 Points 5 Points
Does not specifically discuss
risk factors.
Vaguely or generally discusses
risk factors.
Provides a moderately rigorous
review, which reflects some
understanding of risk factors.
Attempts to link the topic to the
risk factors. May not cite
specific findings and/or does not
discuss domains.
Provides a fairly rigorous review
that reflects adequate
understanding of risk factors.
Generally links the topic and the
risk factors. Cites specific
findings. Generally indicates
domains.
Provides a rigorous review of
empirical findings that reflects
strong understanding of risk
factors. Clearly and specifically
links the topic and the risk
factors. Links each result to a
domain.

Quality of the Discussion of Protective Factors (0-5 points)

0 Points 1 Points 2 Points 3-4 Points 5 Points
Does not specifically discuss
protective factors.
Vaguely or generally discusses
protective factors.
Provides a moderately rigorous
review, which reflects some
understanding of protective
factors. Attempts to link the
topic to the protective factors.
May not cite specific findings
and/or does not discuss
domains.
Provides a fairly rigorous
review that reflects adequate
understanding protective
factors. Generally links the
topic and the protective factors.
Cites specific findings.
Generally indicates domains.
Provides a rigorous review of
empirical findings that reflects
strong understanding of
protective factors. Clearly and
specifically links the topic and
the protective factors. Links
each result to a domain.

Conclusion (0-5)

0 Points 1 Point 2 Points 3-4 Points 5 Points
There is no conclusion. Provides a brief over-view of
general (non specific) concepts
from the paper.
Provides an overview of the key
findings in the paper about the
topic and briefly discusses them
in the context of the
developmental domains. May
briefly discuss either risk or
protective factors.
Provides an overview of the key
findings in the paper about the
developmental outcomes.
Discusses risk and protective
factors and links them to the
topic. Discusses at a general
level trends for domains
associated with the risk and
protective factors. May vaguely
discuss recommendations for
applying the findings.
Provides an overview of the key
findings in the paper about the
developmental outcomes.
Effectively discusses risk and
protective factors and links
them to the topic. Provides a
clear description of the trends
in terms of domains for both
risk and protective factors.
Provides recommendations for
applying these findings to
promote resilience and decrease
risk.

Quality of the Research (0-5)

0-1 Points 2 Points 3 Points 4 Points 5 Points
Uses personal opinion or relies
on non-scholarly sources. Does
not have the minimum # of
required references
Only uses course materials,
books, literature reviews, or
websites. May not have the
required number of references
Uses research articles, but only
discusses the results and/or they
are outdated (more than 10 years
old); may use a lot of direct
quotes or ‘cited from’ formats.
Lists the findings without
integration. Websites are not
credible. May not have the
required number of references.
Accurately presents current
research findings and includes
the goals of the study (1-2
sentences) OR the subjects (age,
gender, ethnicity, etc.). The
websites are credible. May use
some direct quotes. Attempts to
integrate the results.
Accurately presents current
research findings and includes
the goals of the study (1-2
sentences)and the subjects (age,
gender, ethnicity, etc. Uses high
quality websites. Integrates the
results and does not use any
direct quotes

Quality of the Critical Analyses (0-5)

0-1 Points 2 Points 3 Points 4 Points 5 Points
No analysis or minimal analysis
in the conclusion
Provides a general, broad
analysis of the issues in the
conclusion
Provides a broad, rather general
analysis at the end of one or two
sections and the conclusion.
Provides a broad, general analysis
at the end of each section and the
conclusion OR Provides a broad,
general analysis at the end of
each section and a detailed
analysis of trends in the
conclusion or vice versa.
Provides a detailed and rigorous
analysis of trends, including
domains at the end of each
section and overall in the
conclusion.

Writing Quality (1-5 Points)

1 Points 2 Points 3 Points 4 Points 5 Points
Presents information that is
disorganized and very poorly
written, full of grammatical
flaws.
Presents information that is
poorly organized and written,
with numerous grammatical
flaws.
Presents information that is
moderately organized and
written, with a mix of basic
grammatical flaws.
Presents information that is
fairly well organized, including
use of basic headings, and fairly
well written, with few
grammatical flaws. Attempts
transitions between paragraphs
and sections.
Presents information that is very
clearly organized, including the
use of informative headings, and
is very well written, with
small/no grammatical flaws.
Uses effective transitions
between paragraphs and sections

APA Formatting (0-5 Points)

0 Points 1 Point 2-3 Points 4 Points 5 Points
Does not use APA format –
citations or references.
Attempts APA format but has
significant errors in formatting
both in-text citations and full
references.
Uses APA format but has some
citation errors in both in-text
citations and in full references.
Uses APA format but has minor
citation errors in the in-text
citations or in the full
references.
Use APA format correctly and
has no citation or full reference
errors.

 

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