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Research Paper on Diabetes

Diabetes is a serious disease that affects the way your body uses glucose, a type of sugar. It’s called diabetes because it damages the cells in your pancreas, which makes it hard for you to produce insulin. Without enough insulin, you can’t get energy from food and won’t be able to store it as energy or use it for daily tasks like walking or talking. You can prevent diabetes by eating right and exercising regularly, but this doesn’t always happen with people who already have the condition. If someone has been diagnosed with diabetes, they should talk to their doctor about how they can manage their symptoms of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia).

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a condition that causes your blood sugar levels to be too high. There are two types of diabetes: type 1, an autoimmune disease; and type 2 (also known as non-insulin-dependent), which is a lifestyle disease linked with obesity and poor diet.

Type 1 diabetes occurs when the immune system attacks cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. These attacks destroy insulin production and cause your body not to be able to use it properly or store enough for later use. You may also have ketones—a byproduct of fat breakdown—that build up in your bloodstream instead of glucose (sugar). This can lead you into diabetic coma if left untreated long enough!

Type 2 diabetes develops when you don’t produce enough insulin or don’t use it effectively because you eat foods that contain carbohydrates such as breads/pasta/rice etc., which raise blood glucose levels quickly after eating them because they contain lots of simple sugars like fructose rather than complex carbohydrates like whole wheat flour which take longer time for digestion process before reaching bloodstream level where hormones control metabolism rate based on amount consumed daily (Bilous et al., 2021)

What’s going on in your blood sugar?

Blood sugar is a measurement of how much glucose, or blood sugar, your body has in its bloodstream. High blood sugar levels are called hyperglycemia and low blood sugar is called hypoglycemia.

When you eat something that contains carbohydrates (sugars), such as bread and pasta, they get broken down into glucose molecules by your digestive system. The glucose enters your bloodstream and travels to cells throughout your body where it provides energy for all kinds of activities like breathing, heart pumping and cell metabolism—you name it!

The goal with diabetes management is to keep steady levels of this important nutrient at healthy levels through diet changes or medication adjustments so that no significant fluctuations occur in the level over time between meals or days/weeks/months depending on what’s happening in our own lives at any given point during this journey towards better health overall – where we’re headed after all these years?”

Is there a cure for diabetes?

There is no cure for diabetes, but you can manage it.

Diabetes is a lifelong condition that can be managed with diet and exercise. When you have diabetes, your body doesn’t produce enough insulin or resistance to it to metabolize sugar properly. This leads to high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia), which damages the kidneys and eyes over time Bourgeois et al., 2021). You may also develop complications like nerve damage in your feet or blindness from retinopathy if left untreated for long periods of time

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

The most common symptoms of diabetes are:

  • Increased thirst and frequent urination.
  • Unintentional weight loss (due to increased appetite).
  • Blurred vision, or changes in your eyesight.
  • Fatigue and fatigue-related aches and pains that don’t go away with rest; this is often called “fibromyalgia” in people who have it because they experience it more than other people do without having a reason for it.

What is high blood sugar and how can I lower it?

High blood sugar is a problem, and it can lead to serious health issues. If you have diabetes, your body doesn’t produce enough insulin to keep your blood sugar levels in check. That’s why you need treatment for high blood sugar—if left untreated, high blood sugar can cause serious problems like heart disease and stroke.

There are three ways to lower your level of glucose in your body: lifestyle changes like eating right and exercising regularly; medication; or insulin injections (either injected by a doctor or self-administered).

How do you test for diabetes?

  • Blood glucose test
  • Urine test

Am I at risk for getting diabetes?

The key to preventing diabetes is to maintain a healthy weight. Being overweight or obese increases your risk of developing diabetes by up to 50 percent, as does having a family history of the disease. If you are over 45 years old and have had a baby after age 35, you may also be at increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes.

If you do have prediabetes (a condition in which blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be considered “diabetes”), there are several things that can help: losing weight; eating smaller portions; wearing regular shoes instead of sneakers; exercising regularly; maintaining an ideal body mass index (BMI).

How do you manage diabetes?

Diabetes is a lifelong condition, so you will need to watch your blood sugar levels regularly. You may also want to test your feet for any wounds or sores that could indicate diabetes.

If you have type 1 diabetes and take insulin injections, make sure that they are always within reach at all times—you don’t want them falling out! If this doesn’t sound like fun, consider talking with someone who has recently been diagnosed about how they manage their condition (or even better: find an online community). You might find that the support system is exactly what you need!

Can you live a normal life with diabetes?

  • Yes, you can live a normal life with diabetes.
  • But it’s important to keep your blood sugar under control so that you don’t develop complications of diabetes like nerve damage or kidney disease.
  • You need to eat the right foods and exercise regularly, which means making sure you are taking your medications as prescribed by your doctor and following their advice on how much food or activity is best for you at any given time.

How is metabolism different when you have diabetes?

Diabetes is the result of your body’s inability to produce insulin, which allows glucose to enter cells. When this happens, your body cannot use glucose efficiently and it builds up in your bloodstream. Eventually, this causes damage to nerves and organs throughout the body (Liu et al., 2019).

The first step in treating diabetes is determining whether or not you have it; if so, then finding out what type(s) it might be (elevated blood sugar levels) and managing them accordingly.

Diabetes is manageable, but knowledge and care are important.

Diabetes is a chronic condition that can be managed and treated. It’s important to take care of yourself, so you don’t get sick or injured. You need to eat right, exercise and take your medicine as prescribed by your doctor.

You’ll want to keep your blood sugar under control through good eating habits and regular physical activity such as walking or doing yoga every day (or at least three times each week). If you’re taking insulin shots or pills, check with a health care professional before stopping them because they may affect how well other medicines work when used together with certain prescription drugs that contain acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen (Advil), naproxen sodium (Aleve) and others like this one from Bayer Pharmaceuticals called Diclofenac Gel Pronounced DYE-kloeh-fen-ak Gel.”


Diabetes is manageable, but knowledge and care are important. “Knowledge” here means not just information about diabetes, but also the ability to use that information to live a healthy lifestyle. So don’t be afraid to talk with your doctor or nurse about what’s happening in your body and how you can manage it.



Bilous, R., Donnelly, R., & Idris, I. (2021). Handbook of diabetes. John Wiley & Sons. Bourgeois, S.,

Sawatani, T., Van Mulders, A., De Leu, N., Heremans, Y., Heimberg, H., … & Staels, W.(2021). Towards a functional cure for diabetes using stem cell-derived beta cells: are we there yet?. Cells10(1), 191.

Liu, H., Liu, J., Peng, L., Feng, Z., Cao, L., Liu, H., … & Wang, W. (2019). Changes in default mode

network connectivity in different glucose metabolism status and diabetes duration. NeuroImage: Clinical21, 101629.

Last Updated on November 5, 2022

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