Matthew’s Gospel

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Syllabus

 

  1. Introduction:

Matthew part two covers chapters 14-28 of Matthew’s Gospel.  This syllabus is a

continuation of Matthew part one.

 

  1. Cognitive: As a result of taking this course, the student will:
  2.   Understand why Christ was rejected by Israel.
  3. Better appreciate Christ’s healing power.
  4. Learn more about the background of Jewish sects, such as:
  5. Pharisees
  6. Sadducees
  7. Herodians
  8. Be able to refute apostolic succession.
  9. Better comprehend servant hood in the kingdom.
  10. Better understand church discipline.
  11. Understand Jesus’ use of parables.
  12. Understand the importance of significance of the triumphal entry and

Jesus’ last week.

  1. Be conversant in the Olivet discourse and be able to understand the

two-fold fulfillment of the signs in Matthew 24-25.

  1. Be able to list, categorize, and accurately teach on the seven future

judgments.

  1. Have a deeper knowledge of the Last Supper and be conversant in

the three major views held in Christendom.

  1. See Judas Iscariot’s treachery like never before.

 

  1. Have more appreciation for Christ’s atoning work through His agony

from Gethsemane to His expiration on Calvary’s cross.

  1. Walk with Jesus through His six trials and gain at least a cursory

knowledge of Jewish and Roman civil law.

  1. Be able to explain in archeological terminology the tomb, burial clothes,

and some Jewish customs connected with Jesus’ death.

  1. Understand clearer the meaning of Christ’s resurrection.
  2. Gain a firmer knowledge of what the Great Commission is and whom it

effects.

 

 

III.  Requirements:

  1. Read all 28 chapters of Matthew.
  2. The scriptural text will be the authorized KJV of the Holy Bible (1611).
  3. Listen to the lectures, take systematic notes and answer the questions

on the exam (open book/open notes/open commentary exam).

  1. Take the open book objective exam, worth a total of 100 points.
  2. Complete the graded learning activity and return it with the final exam.

Be sure to turn in at the same time as the exam or you will receive an

incomplete.

  1. Read the course textbook, Matthew Thy Kingdom Come, by John F.

Walvoord. Kregel Publisher.  (Same book was required for Matthew One)

  1. Also read the course textbook, Matthew, by H. A. Ironside.

Loizeaus Bros.  Both textbooks may be ordered from amazon.com

(This book you should have purchased

already for Matthew One.)

  1. This is a very detailed course.  Please do not feel frustrated if after

listening to a lecture once, you do not understand it.  Take your time

and re-listen to it several times if necessary.  You may also call or email

the professor if you need assistance.  The best time to reach the professor

is between 8 pm and 10 pm Pacific Standard Time.

 

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Lecture Outline for Matthew Part Two

  1. Introduction: (Lecture 1) The compassion of the rejected King (14:1-36)
  2. Execution of John the Baptist (14:1-12)
  3. Political intrigue

Herod Antipas was living unlawfully with his brother, Philip’s

wife, Herodias (a New Testament godless Jezebel).  Herodias

had plotted to murder Herod’s first wife who was the daughter

of Aretas, King of Arabia.  Herodias, though a niece of Herod

Antipas, began to live with Antipas in a type of common-law

marriage.

  1. John the Baptist spoke openly against this sin.

Sin should be confronted head-on.  No excuses should be made.

  1. Herodias’ daughter Salome danced before Herod.

In his drunken stupor Herod asks Salome what she wants.

Having been instructed by her mother, she asks for John the

Baptist’s head.

  1. Feeding of the 5000 (14:13-21)
  2. After hearing of John’s murder, Jesus goes into the desert with

His disciples.

  1. Jesus was moved with compassion toward the multitude.

The word compassion is a very emotional word meaning that, our

Lord’s insides, as it were, (in an emotional sense) hurt for the

people.

  1. Jesus then feeds the 5000 plus women and children.
  2. Notice that 12 baskets of food remained.  These baskets

were approximately 6 feet long and 3 feet wide!

  1. Jesus rescues the disciples during a storm (14:22-33).
  2. Jesus prays alone.

Ironside says, “This suggests His present ministry on behalf of

His people  – He has gone up on high where He ever lives to make

intercessions for us.”

  1. The disciples on the Sea of Galilee.
  2.            The disciples were caught in a fierce storm between

4:00 a.m. and 6:00 a.m.

  1. Not only Jesus, but Peter walked on the water.
  2. Peter however, for some reason feared and began to sink

(I John 5:4-5).

  1. Healing in Gennesaret (14:34-36)

Jesus honored the people’s faith with miraculous healings.

 

  1. Christ’s continual ministry of mercy (15:1-39) (Lecture 2)
  2. Controversy with the Scribes and Pharisees (15:1-9).
  3. Religious leaders were more concerned with tradition than lost

souls.  The Rabbis of Jesus’ day actually put tradition above the

law.

  1. Hypocrites

In Greek Theater a hypocrite was an actor who wore a mask and

played a part on stage that he was not like in real life.

  1. Man’s wicked heart (15:10-20).
  2. Spiritual law says what comes out of a man defiles him.
  3. What proceeds out of the mouth was actually born in man’s heart.
  4. Withdrawal to Tyre and Sidon (15:21-28)
  5. The Syrophenican woman.  This woman though a Gentile, had

great faith.  This is expressed by the facts that:

  1. She called Jesus Son of David.
  2. She believed He could heal.
  3. We know this woman’s daughter was demon possessed

(Mark 7:29).  The term “dog” in Biblical times could mean three

things:

  1. Gentiles.
  2. Unbelievers.
  3. Male prostitutes.
  4. Return to Galilee (15:29-31).
  5. Feeding of the 4000 (15:32-39).
  6. Comparing and contrasting with the feeding of the 5000.  One of

most amazing statements of the apostles is found in verse 33.

Could it be that still they lacked faith in Jesus?  Many today seem

to lose their faith unless the Lord is working a great miracle.

III.  Anticipating Rejection (16:1-28) (Lecture 3)

  1. Seeking a sign (16:1-4).
  2. The Pharisees and Sadducees join together.  This was the first time

that the Pharisees and Sadducees, usually in disagreement, joined

hands to entrap Jesus.

  1. They came to Jesus to test Him.  They came to Jesus with no desire

to know the truth.  All they wanted was to test Him.  They wanted

a sign indicating that the Messianic Age was at hand.

  1. The leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees (16:5-12).

Leaven is a symbol of evil that spreads.  Pharisees and Sadducees, with

their twisted lies and gossip, spread evil.  Luke 12:1 – This leaven was

specifically hypocrisy.

  1. The church (16:13-20).
  2. Who do men say Jesus is?
  3. Peter’s declaration (Peter’s confession)
  4. Jesus’ blessing on Peter.
  5. The false doctrine of apostolic succession.
  6. I Peter 2:4-5.
  7. The key of the Kingdom of Heaven (Ironside, pp. 121-122).
  8. Jesus again foretells His death and resurrection (16:21-23).
  9. Why we know Peter is not demon possessed (verse 23).
  10. Cost and reward of discipleship (16:24-28).
  11. The road to glory is the road of suffering.
  12. Losing your soul.  “I wouldn’t miss Heaven for the world.”
  13. The coming kingdom after his suffering and death (17:1-27) (Lecture 4)
  14. Transfiguration (17:1-9).
  15. Possibly this took place on Mt. Hermon.

The word “transfigured” in Greek is:  metemorphote.  We derive

our English word metamorphosis form this word.

(Ironside, pp. 124-125).

  1. Moses and Elijah also appeared (Luke 9:31).  (Ironside p. 125).
  2. The Elijah question (17:10-13) (Ironside pp. 126-127).
  3. Healing of the demon possessed child (17:14-21).

 

  1. Jesus again predicts His death and resurrection and the topic of the

temple tax.  (Ironside, pp. 128-129).

 

  1. Teachings regarding greatness and forgiveness (18:1-35). (Lecture 5)
  2. The greatest in the kingdom (18:1-14).
  3. The little child is representative of:
  4. Trust
  5. Faith
  6. Purity
  7. Vision
  8. Humility – F.F. Bruce said, “To humble oneself is the

most difficult thing in the world for a Saint as for a sinner.”

  1. Offenses is a very pivotal word.

The Greek word is:  skandalon – It originally meant the

stick that was baited in an animal trap.  Later it came to

mean the trap itself.  Another word for offenses is

stumbling block.

  1. The good shepherd searches for the lost sheep.
  2. Church discipline (18:15-20).  (Ironside, pp. 132-134).
  3. A lesson in forgiveness (18:21-35).  (Ironside, pp. 134-137).
  4. Forgive as Christ has forgiven us

(Ephesians 4:32, Colossians 3:13).

  1. Christ continues to forgive us (I John 1:9). So also we

must continue to forgive.

 

  1. Jesus ministers in Perea (19:1-30) (Lecture 6)

Perea (i.e., the land beyond) was located East of the Jordan River.

  1. Discourse on Divorce (19:1-12)

The Pharisees not only wanted to trick Jesus, they wanted to raise

the question as to what the just causes for divorce were.  Jesus appealed

to creationism first.  The Pharisees rebutted that Moses’ Law was more

liberal in this area.  Jesus said this way only so because of the hardness

of men’s hearts.

  1. We will examine 2 key divorce passages
  2.   Romans 7:1-3, I Corinthians 7:10-16. (Lecture 7)
  3. Jesus blesses the children (19:13-15).
  4. The rich young ruler and the cost of discipleship (19:16-26).

(Ironside pp. 142-145).

  1. Distinguishing between salvation and discipleship.
  2. The rich young ruler.
  3. Understanding the “great refusal”.
  4. Why it is difficult for rich people to be saved.
  5. The proper use of wealth.
  6. True Rewards for the followers of Jesus (19:27-30).

(Ironside, pp. 146-147).

 

VII.  The journey to Jerusalem (20:1-34). (Lecture 8)

  1. Parable of the householder and the laborers (20:1-16).

Ironside, pp. 148-149.  (I Corinthians 3:10-15)

  1. Jesus’ death and resurrection again predicted (20:17-19).

This is the fourth prediction that Jesus made in regards to His passion

in Matthew.  (cf., 12, 16, 17).

  1.   The word betrayed in verse 18 means to deliver a person to

prison or judgment in a treacherous way.

  1. This is precisely what Judas did with Christ.
  2. Mama’s request!  The mother of James and John (20:20-24).
  3. The mother’s request illustrates a desire.  This illustrates a

desire on her part and her sons to achieve fame and prominence.

  1. Christ’s cup and baptism (Ironside, p. 150).
  2. Those for whom it was prepared.
  3. The other disciples were moved with indignation

(angry resentment).

  1. Jesus comments on their ambitions (20:25-28).
  2. Minister:  from 2 Greek words:  dia-konis.  To raise dust by

hurrying.  Hence we should look constantly to rush to those in

need of ministry (Romans 10:15).  Good sermon, “Dusty shoes.”

  1. Ransom:  The price paid for a slave who is then set free by the one

who bought him.

  1. The healing of two blind men (20:29-34).
  2. Answering liberal “scholars”.  Attacks at “alleged” discrepancies.

(Ironside, page 152-153)

  1. Good sermon in verse 30.  “Sitting by the wayside”

 

VIII.  The King arrives in Jerusalem (21:1-46). (Lecture 9)

  1. The triumphal entry (21:1-11).
  2. Fulfillment of Zechariah 9:9-10. (Ironside, pp. 154-156)
  3. Five days and these same people would jeer at Christ.
  4. Hosanna (save now).

The Jews wanted deliverance from Rome, but needed deliverance

from Satan.

  1. Partial fulfillment of Psalm 118.
  2. The second cleaning of the temple (21:12-17).
  3. The cursing of the fig tree (21:18-22).

Jesus uses this opportunity to teach His disciples about praying in faith.

  1. Jesus’ authority is challenged (21:23-27) (Ironside, page 159).

(Lecture 10)

  1. The parables of the two sons (21:28-32).
  2. The parables of the vineyard (21:33-46).  (Ironside pp. 161-163)
  3. Householder:  God the Father.
  4. Vineyard:  Israel.
  5. Husbandmen:  Religious leaders of Judah.
  6. Servants:  Prophets.
  7. Jerusalem fell in A.D. 70 (cf,., Josephus)
  8. Nation bring forth fruits (Gentiles in time of the Gentiles)

 

  1. Jesus’ controversy with Jewish rulers (22:1-46). (Lecture 11)
  2. Parable of the marriage feast (22:1-14).
  3. In this chapter our Lord deals with three main sects:  Pharisees,

Sadducees, and Herodians.  We already discussed the first two.

The Herodians were wealthy Jews of political influence who

favored Roman law and Greek customs.  Usually they sided with

the Sadducees in their pro-Roman sympathies.  However, here we

find them also siding with the Pharisees in their hatred toward

Jesus.

  1. The parables.
  2. Three invitations.
  3. Lessons of the parable.
  4. Rendering due tribute (22:15-22). (Ironside pp. 170-171)
  5. The resurrection lesson (22:23-33).  (Ironside pp. 171-172) (Lecture 12)
  6. The greatest commandment (2:34-40)
  7. Note on the word lawyer in verse 35.  By Jesus’ day the law had

been “expanded” by some Jewish leaders.  Their intent was to give

the people a commentary on the law applicable to daily life.  This

commentary in part, was known as the Mishna.  This was a written

body of laws of tradition complied from 200 B.C. – A.D. 135.  The

Mishna became known as the Iron Pillar of the Torah, since

supposedly it showed a Jew how to perfectly keep all 613 laws of

the Mosaic Law.

  1. Lawyers were men who were experts in interpreting the law,

Mishna and all other added traditions both written and oral.

(Ironside, pp. 173-174)

  1. Who is Jesus (22:41-46)  (Ironside, page 174).

 

  1. The condemnation of the Scribes and Pharisees (22:1-39) (Lecture 13)
  2. The hypocrisy of the Pharisees (23:1-12).
  3. The eight woes pronounced on the Scribes and Pharisees (23:13-36).

A woe is deep sorrow or affliction.

  1. They shut out others (v. 13).
  2. Devouring widows’ houses and making long prayers (v. 14).
  3. Energetic in making proselytes (v. 15).
  4. Swearing by gold (v. 16).
  5. Hypocrisy in tithing (v. 23).
  6. Extortion and excesses (v. 25).
  7. Whited sepulchers (v. 27).
  8. Persecution (v. 29).
  9. Jesus’ lamentation over Jerusalem (23:37-39).  Verse 39 is reference to

Christ coming to rule and reign in the Millennial Kingdom.  (Note:  This

cannot be referring to Palm Sunday for that event already occurred).

  1. The Olivet Discourse (Lecture 14)
  2. Introduction:

Chapters 24-25 of Matthew contain this important discourse on the end

of the age.

  1. Three views of the Olivet discourse.
  2. A-millennial.
  3. Post-millennial.
  4. Pre-millennial.
  5. Prediction of the temple’s destruction (24:1-2).

The temple was leveled only 40 years later in A.D. 70.

  1. The disciples three questions (24:3).  (Lecture 15)
  2. The two-fold fulfillments of Matthew 24:4-14.
  3. Nine distinctive features in general.
  4. False christs.
  5. Wars and rumors of wars.
  6. Famines.
  7. Pestilences.
  8. Earthquakes.
  9. Many martyrs (verse 8-10).
  10. False prophets.
  11. Increased wickedness and love growing cold.
  12. World-wide preaching of the gospel of the kingdom.
  13. Future tribulation fulfillment of these prophecies in a more specific way.

Verse 8 “beginning of sorrows,” refers to the commencement of 7 years of

Tribulation.  Specifically the 7 seals, 7 trumpets, and 7 vials,

(Revelation chapter 6-16).  (Ironside, pp. 186-187)

  1. Matthew 24:13 This is not referring to spiritual salvation but to Jews who

will continue to “hang on” during the tribulation and have not taken the

mark of the beast, but have remained steadfast to the Messiah

(cf., Romans 11:26).

  1. Matthew 24:14 This begins with the 144,000 of Revelation 7:4-8.

Hal Lindsay calls them “144,000 Jewish Billy Grahams.”

  1. The abomination of desolation and signs of the great tribulation.

(Lecture 16) Last 3 ½ years of the tribulation period (24:15-28).

  1. Verse 27 (Revelation 19:11-21).
  2. Verse 28
  3. The second coming of Christ (24:29-31). (Ironside, pp. 186-187)
  4. The parable of the fig tree (24:32-35). (Lecture 17)
  5. The time of Christ’s return (24:36-51).

 

XII.  Judgments at the end of the age (25:1-46). (Lecture 18)

  1. Parable of the ten virgins (25:1-13) (Walvoord pp. 196-197)

Though this points to people not being ready for the second coming

At the end of the tribulation, it can generally be applied to the rapture.

  1. Parable of the talents (25:14-30).

 

  1. The judgment of the nations (25:31-46).  (Lecture 19)

Walvoord exegetes this passage in a superb way.  Even many

Pre-millennial scholars confuse this with the Great White Throne

Judgment.

  1. The judgments

Before we survey the various judgments, we must begin with the fact

that in Christ our sins were judged once and for all (Isaiah 53:4-6,

John 1:29, II Corinthians 5:21, Galatians 3:13, Hebrews 10:10-14,

I Peter 2:24, and I John 2:2).  We will now concern ourselves with the

Seven future judgments.

  1. The judgment of believers (The Bema seat of Christ).
  2. The judgment of Israel.
  3. The judgment of Babylon (Lecture 20)
  4. The judgment of the beast, false prophet, and their armies
  5. The judgment of the nations.
  6. The judgment of Satan and his angels.
  7. The Great White Throne judgment.
  8. The misconception that there is only one future judgment is founded

upon:

  1. Improper systematic theology.
  2. The four creeds of organized religion explained.
  3. (Apostle Creed, Nicene Creed, Creed of Constantinople, and the

Creed of Chalcedon)

 

XIII. Jesus faces the cross (26:1-75).  (Lecture 21)

  1. The 5th and final announcement of Jesus’ coming death (26:1-5).
  2. Jesus is anointed by Mary for burial (26:6-13).
  3. Judas seeks an opportunity to betray Jesus (26:14-16).

Satan tricked Judas into believing that no matter how things developed,

he would be a winner.

  1. “I will deliver him unto you”  Common phrase used among

Hebrews meaning:  “The traitor was mean in style as well as in

spirit.

  1. Thirty pieces of silver.  Value today in approximately $24.00

Ironside calls Judas’ treachery, “A covenant with Hell!”

  1. The last Passover (26:17-25)
  2. The institution of the Lord’s supper (26:26-30, I Corinthians chapter 11)
  3. Three views:
  4. Transubstantiation
  5. Consubstantiation (Lecture 22)
  6. Memorial (Matthew 26:26-30)
  7. An idea in sharing the Lord’s Supper is to use the ancient Hebrew

custom of the “Todah”

  1. Jesus warning on the way to the garden (26:31-35).

(Ironside, pp. 204-205)

  1. Peter spoke too soon.
  2. He was not as strong as he believed (I Corinthians 10:12).
  3. The Garden of Gethsemane (26:36-46).  (Ironside pp. 205-210)
  4. Luke 22:44
  5. Jesus prayed so earnestly that he sweat drops of blood

(hematidrosis).

  1. Jesus’ betrayal and arrest (26:47-56). (Lecture 23)
  2. Verse 49 – Kissed

This is compound Greek verb indicating that Judas kissed

Jesus repeatedly!

  1. See John 18:4-8.

Judas now had one last chance to see that the man he just

betrayed was God in the flesh!

  1. Jesus could have called 12 legions of angels or more.

Since a legion is from 3000-6000 men, this would mean between

36,000-72,000 angels!

  1. The trials of Jesus
  2. The Jewish trial
  3. Before Annas (John 18:12-14)
  4. Before Caiaphas (John 18:19-24)
  5. Before the Sandedrin (Matthew 27:1-2)
  6. The Roman Trials
  7. Before Pilate (John 18:28-38)
  8. Before Herod (Luke 23:6-11)
  9. Before Pilate again (John 18:39-19:16)
  10. The illegality of the six trials (Lecture 24)

Fifteen reasons why the trials were illegal and improper.

  1. The trial of Jesus before Caiaphas and the Sanhedrin (26:57-68).
  2. The Sanhedrin (i.e. council or assembly)

The highest ruling body and court among the Jews in the first

century.  It was headed by the high priest in Jerusalem.  The

Sanhedrin, which consisted of 71 members, had according to the

Roman Law, only limited authority in certain religious and civil

matters.

  1. Unlawful assembly

The Sanhedrin was assembled unlawfully on the night they

charged Jesus with blasphemy.

  1. Abuse of our Lord.

Jesus was silent (Isaiah 53:7).

  1. Peter’s triple denial (26:69-75).

Peter not only denied Christ with an oath: he cursed and swore

(profanity) that he knew not Christ.  The thought in the Greek is that

he lost control!

 

 

 

 

XIV.  The crucifixion of Jesus (Lecture 25)

  1. Jesus is delivered to Pilate (27:1-2).

Pilate was the fifth Roman prefect (governor) of Judea who was

appointed by Tiberius in A.D. 26.  His wife’s name was Claudia

Procula.  As a Roman governor he had absolute authority in Judea.

Hence, when he washed his hands symbolically in Matthew 27:24 all

he did was wash his hands, legally he failed!

  1. Judas’ half-hearted repentance (27:3-10)

(Ironside, pp. 215-217).  Judas sowed to the wind and reaped the

whirlwind (Hosea 8:7).

  1. Trial before Pilate (27:11-25)

“Politics put Jesus on the cross (Luke 23:1-2 and verse 12; John 19:12-15)

It’s amazing. . . or is it that the Jews let a convicted felon go free?

Verse 25 has been literally fulfilled in history countless times!

  1. Jesus is mocked and beaten (27:26-32)

(cf., Isaiah 52:14-53:12 and Psalm 22)

  1. Crown of thorns:  probably 3 inches long
  2. Scourged:  not under Jewish Law (40 save one)

But under Roman law, unlimited (60-120) times with a flagellum.

In the hands of probably two Roman professional whippers.

  1. The crucifixion (27:33-44) (Lecture 26)
  2. Three parts of the cross.
  3. Mockery of the titilus.
  4. Golgotha – shape or abundance of skulls.
  5. What occurs medically to someone crucified.
  6. Crucified naked.
  7. Mockery on the cross (II Corinthians 5:21).
  8. The death of Christ (27:45-56) (Lecture 27)
  9. Jesus’ burial (27:57-61)
  10. Joseph of Armimathea:  Strangely enough a Sanhedrin member.
  11. Why he begged for the body of Jesus, so quickly (Mark 15:44-45).
  12. The hastiness of the burial.
  13. The sealing of the tomb (27:62-66) (Lecture 28)

Pilate literally told the Pharisees to make Jesus’ tomb as secure as you

know how.  The seal was a cord around the stone sealed with wax and

probably an impression of the Roman Emperor’s signet impressed in the

wax.  There is only one thing they forgot. . . . Acts 2:24

Matthew 27 verse 66 – helpful information: a watch was 4 Roman

soldiers.

 

  1. The glorious resurrection of our Lord (28:1-20)
  2. The ten post-resurrection appearances of our Lord.
  3. The resurrection (28:1-10).
  4. The report of the Roman guards (28:11-15).

 

 

 

  1. The great commission (28:16-20).
  2. Sermon outline:  “The three verbs of the Great Commission:
  3. Go.
  4. Teach.
  5. Baptize.
  6. A word about discipling Christians from verse 20

A disciple is literally a learner.  There are two parts to a disciple:

  1. Thought and study.
  2. Endeavor.
  3. Pastors should make teaching the Bible their top priority.  This is

most effectively accomplished through expository preaching and

teaching, a vibrant Sunday School, and stressing the necessity of

daily Bible study.  Since Pastors are leaders they must equip

leaders (II Timothy 2:2).  In order to equip leaders, pastors must

continually study (II Timothy 2:15).

 

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Required Reading

 

 

  1. Read all 28 chapters of Matthew.
  2. Read the course textbook, Matthew Thy Kingdom Come, by John F. Walvoord.

Kregel Publisher.

  1. Also read the course textbook, Matthew, by H. A. Ironside.

Loizeaus Bros.  Both textbooks may be ordered from amazon.com.

 

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Suggested Reading but NOT Required

 

**Aumann, Jordan.  Spiritual Theology.  London:  Sheed & Ward Pub., 1980.

 

Cairns, Alan.  Dictionary of Theological Terms.  Greenville, SC:  Ambassador –

Emerald Int. 1998.

 

**Cathechism of the Catholic Church.  Boston:  St. Paul Books and Media, 1994.

 

Chafer, Lewis, Sperry.  Systematic Theology, volume 5.  Grand Rapids:

Kregel Pub., 1993.

 

Erickson, Millard.  Introducing Christian Doctrine.  Grand Rapids:  Baker Book House, 1992.

 

**Flannery, Austin.  Gen. Ed. Vatican Council II, The Conciliar and Post Conciliar

Documents.  Rev. ed. Grand Rapids:  WM. B. Eerdmans Pub. Co, 1992.

 

Guthrie, Donald.  New Testament Introduction.  Downers Grove, IL:  Inter Varsity Press, 1970.

 

*Hahn, Scott.  The Lamb’s Supper.  New York:  Doubleday., 1999.

Jamieson, Fausset and Brown.  Bible Commentary, volume 3.  Peabody, MA:  Henderson Pub., 1997.

 

McDowell, Josh.  Evidence that Demands a Verdict.  San Bernardino, Ca:  Here’s Life Pub., 1991.

 

*McGowan, Michael.  The Bread of Life:  The Eucharist.  New York:  ALBA House., 1998.

 

Miller, Calvin.  Once Upon a Tree.  Grand Rapids:  Baker Book House, 1991.

 

Nelson New Illustrated Bible Dictionary.  Ronald Youngblood, gen. ed. Nashville:  Nelson Pub., 1995.

 

Neusner, Jacob, Editor in chief.  Dictionary of Judaism in the Biblical Period.  Peabody, Ma:  Henderickson Pub. 1999.

 

Nocera, John F.  Demonology Series (lecture set in five volumes) contact professor to order Hailey, ID, 1998.

 

**Paolo, Ediziioni, San.  Translated by:  Adrian Walker.  Jesus Christ, Word of the Father.  New York:  Cross Road Pub.  Co. 1997.

 

Robertson, A.T.  Word Pictures in the New Testament, volume 1.  Nashville:  Nelson Pub., 1995.

 

Ryrie, Charles.  The Holy Spirit.  Chicago:  Moody Press, 1997.

 

Sheldon, Henry, C.  History of the Christian Church volume 1.  Peadbody, MA:  Henderickson, 1994.

 

Theissen, Henry, C.  Lectures in Systematic Theology.  Grand Rapids:  W.M.B.  Eerdmans Pub. Company, 1989.

 

Thomas, W.H. Griffith.  Commentary on Romans.  Grand Rapids:  Kregel Pub., 1996.

 

Towns, Elmer.  The Gospel of John.  Old Tappan, NJ:  Fleming H. Revell Co, 1990.

 

Walvoord, John.  Every Prophecy of the Bible.  Colorado Springs:  Chariot Victor Pub., 1999.

 

Whiston, William (trnaslato).  The New Complete Works of Josephus.  Grand Rapids:  Kregel Pub., 1999.

 

Wingo, Earle.  A Lawyer Reviews the Illegal Trail of Jesus.  Hattiesburg, MS:  Ealre L.  Wingo Pub. Inc, 1954.

 

*  Denotes the book is authored by a Roman Catholic theologian.  It is useful in gaining first-hand knowledge of Catholic doctrine and practices.

**Denotes books useful in researching Roman Catholic Theology on Maryolatry.

 

Andersonville Theological Seminary

PO Box 545

Camilla, GA 31730

 

Course:  Matthew Two

 

Name:  Mao M. Purnell, Sr.

Address:  1371 Freedom Drive, Clarksville, TN 37042

Email:  Ministermaopurnell@gmail.com

 

Directions: Questions 1-50 circle the correct answer.  Questions 51-101 answer on a separate sheet of paper.

 

  1. True or False Herodias was the direct cause of the death of John the Baptist.

 

  1. True or False In Matthew 14:16 when Jesus says to His disciples, “give ye

them to eat.”  The Greek denotes urgent instant action on

their part.

 

  1. True or False Herod Antipas was called “the tetrarch” because he controlled

one third of the kingdom that was once controlled by Herod

the Great.

 

  1. True or False The baskets in Matthew 14:20 were the size of five gallon

buckets.

 

  1. True or False The first kind of aggadah is sometimes referred to as “the

written Bible.”

 

  1. True or False The word “dogs” in Matthew 15:26-27 literally translates

as “little dogs or puppies.”

 

  1. True or False The Mishnah was complied by Rabbi Judah Ha-nasi between

A.D. 135-220.

 

  1. True or False In Matthew 16:6, 11 the leaven of the Pharisees is hypocrisy

and the leaven of the Sadducees is false doctrine.

 

  1. True or False On Pentecost, Peter opened the door of the kingdom to the

Jews; eight years later he opened the door of the kingdom to

the Gentiles.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. True or False Though the following is taught by Catholics, it is not part of

their magisterium.  “The Roman Pontiff, by reason of his office

as vicar of Christ, namely and as pastor of the entire church,

has full, supreme and universal power over the whole church,

a power which he can always exercise unhindered.”

 

  1. True or False Peter, whose name means stone or piece of rock was to be

built into the church.

 

  1. True or False Matthew 16:28 refers to the second coming of Christ.

 

  1. True or False In the transfiguration (Matthew 17:1-8), Moses represents

those who will be changed at the rapture and caught up

without passing through death.

 

  1. True or False The professor believes that the two witnesses in Revelation 11

are Moses and Elijah.

 

  1. True or False The tribute money (temple tax) in Matthew 17:24 was expected

from every Jewish male age 20 and above.

 

  1. True or False The Transfiguration was a theophany.

 

  1. True or False In reference to Matthew 18:4 the text teaches that the little

child purposely humbles himself.

 

  1. True or False Concerning church discipline:  if the wrongdoer is willfully

obstinate and shows no disposition to correcting his fault, two

or more witnesses are to hear the situation and render sound

judgment.  If they concur that wrong has been done, they are

to join with the first in seeking to bring the recalcitrant

offender to acknowledge his sin and seek forgiveness.

 

  1. True or False In the lesson on forgiveness.  (Matthew 18:21-35) we are

forgiven.  Saints are bound to forgive those who sin against us.

 

  1. True or False In Matthew 18:19 the word “agree” literally means to

symphonize.

 

  1. True or False I told a friend, pastor, or co-worker to visit

www.andersonvilleseminary.com

 

 

 

 

 

  1. In Jesus’ response to the Pharisees question regarding divorce

(Matthew 19:1-12) He:

 

  1. Referred to the Mosaic Law.

 

  1. Focused on the upcoming dispensation of grace.

 

  1. Went back to the guidelines established at creation.

 

  1. None of the above.

 

  1. In reference to I Corinthians 7:10-16, if an unbeliever married to a believer

is willing to continue the marriage, the believer should:

 

  1. Seek an annulment on the grounds that they can not tolerate

the unbelieving spouse.

 

  1. Pray that the Lord “open” a door so that divorce is possible.

 

  1. Remain with the unbeliever.

 

  1. Stay separated until the unbeliever gets saved.

 

  1. Why does the professor believe that Jesus’ blessing of the children is related to

His discourse on divorce?

 

  1. Because children are always the innocent victims of divorce.

 

  1. Because it is next to the text.

 

  1. Because children are often used as “pawns” in a divorce.

 

  1. D. Both A and C.

 

  1. Christ’s challenge to forsake all and follow Him (Matthew 19:16-26) was a

call to:

 

  1. Live a reclusive life, fast, and pray.

 

  1. Yield wholly to His authority.

 

  1. Commit your life to poverty and moral legalism.

 

  1. Both B and C.

 

  1. Jesus’ response to the rich young ruler in Matthew 19:17, “if thou wilt enter

into life, keep the commandments” was designed to show the man:

 

  1. Fully keeping the 613 commandments in the Mosaic Law

guarantees you eternal life.

 

  1. Keep the Decalogue and you will be saved.

 

  1. His inability to obtain life by obedience to the law; for if his

                              conscience were active, he would realize he had already violated

                              the law

 

  1. The fallacy of the previous dispensations.

 

  1. When God commits wealth to anyone it is for what purpose?

 

  1. As stewardship to be administered for God’s glory.

 

  1. To be reinvested at the discretion of the individual.

 

  1. To be given completely to the poor.

 

  1. D. Either A or C.

 

  1. The parable of the workers (Matthew 20:1-16) is designed to:

 

  1. Show that those saved in the last hours of life are just as saved

as anyone else.

 

  1. Show that service for the Lord is to be rewarded according to

opportunities embraced.

 

  1. Show that longevity of Christian service is not honorable.

 

  1. None of the above.

 

  1. The word “betrayed” (Matthew 20:18) means:

 

  1. To be a shrewd, devious individual.

 

  1. To be deceptive in your friendship.

 

  1. To deliver a person to prison or judgment in a treacherous

                              fashion.

 

  1. To be hypocritical in your loyalties.
  2. The true goal in the Kingdom of Heaven is:

 

  1. To serve.

 

  1. To rule.

 

  1. To suffer.

 

  1. To win disciples.

 

  1. In regards to Matthew 20:21, who will sit at Christ’s right hand during the

Millennial reign?

 

  1. James

 

  1. John

 

  1. Both A and B.

 

  1. David.

 

  1. Matthew 21:9 (Psalm 118:25-26) was recited at what Jewish feast?

 

  1. Tabernacles.

 

  1. Passover.

 

  1. Pentecost.

 

  1. The Day of Atonement.

 

  1. The money changers in the temple exchanged:

 

  1. Temple money for Roman money.

 

  1. Roman money for temple money.

 

  1. Greek money for temple money.

 

  1. Copper coins for gold coins.

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. The fig tree is:

 

  1. A well-known figure of Judah.

 

  1. A well-known figure of evil.

 

  1. A well-known figure of the Northern Kingdom of Israel.

 

  1. Unimportant in New Testament Theology.

 

  1. To pray believing (Matthew 21:22) implies:

 

  1. Just ask the Lord and He will give you what you desire.

 

  1. Only a figure of speech and not to be taken literally.

 

  1. We pray in accordance with the revealed will of God, and do not

                              regard iniquity in our hearts.  We pray in faith and in harmony

                              with God’s will.

 

  1. We constantly pray knowing that repetitive prayer will eventually

soften God’s heart.

 

  1. The parables of the two sons (Matthew 21:28-32) contains:

 

  1. The Pharisees and Sadducees.

 

  1. Herodians and Pharisees.

 

  1. Priests and common people.

 

  1. None of the above.

 

  1. Only ________ _________ leads to repentance.

 

  1. Empathetic sorrow.

 

  1. Godly sorrow.

 

  1. Tearful sorrow.

 

  1. Deep remorse.

 

 

 

 

  1. In the parable of the vineyard (Matthew 21:33-46) who were the husbandmen?

 

  1. The Roman Prefects.

 

  1. The religious leaders of Judah.

 

  1. Jews who failed to acknowledge Jesus as the promised Messiah.

 

  1. The high Priests of the intertestamental era.

 

  1. According to Josephus, when Jerusalem was besieged in AlD 70 which of the

following did not occur?

 

  1. Mass crucifixions.

 

  1. The Jews deserted their cause to save their own lives.

 

  1. Jews tortured Jews to get their last morsel of food to survive.

 

  1. The Roman soldiers spared elderly women and young children.

 

  1. In the parable of the marriage feast (Matthew 22:1-14) the marriage dinner is

really the:

 

  1. Marriage Supper of the Lamb in Heaven.

 

  1. The Millennial Reign of Christ.

 

  1. The gospel feast.

 

  1. The tree of life.

 

  1. The good and bad guests (Matthew 22:10) represents what kind of people in the

kingdom?

 

  1. People of all classes who receive Christ as Savior.

 

  1. The Jews.

 

  1. The Gentiles.

 

  1. None of the above.

 

 

 

 

  1. What is the wedding garment?

 

  1. Sanctification.

 

  1. Water baptism.

 

  1. Good news.

 

  1. The righteousness of God received by faith in Christ.

 

  1. In Matthew 22:23-32 why was the question of marriage in the resurrection

posed by the Sadducees absurd?

 

  1. Sadducees didn’t believe in marriage.

 

  1. Sadducees didn’t correctly understand levirate marriage.

 

  1. Marriage is not a relationship in Heaven.

 

  1. None of the above.

 

  1. Our Lord’s teaching was designed to:

 

  1. Make us remorseful.

 

  1. Convict us to do penance for our sins.

 

  1. Convict us of sin and to reveal the need of regeneration.

 

  1. Make us more cognizant of our need to thoroughly study and

apply both tables of the law on our lives.

 

  1. Which statement correct identifies the term “law and prophet”?

 

  1. The Torah plus Joshua, Judges, I & II Samuel, I & II Kings,

the latter prophets which comprise Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel,

and the 12 minor prophets.

 

  1. All of A plus Daniel.

 

  1. The Torah plus the Major Prophets.

 

  1. The Torah plus Joshua, Judges, I & II Kings, and the Minor

Prophets.

 

 

 

  1. Jesus satisfied all of their inquires completely.

 

  1. The theological problem of how the Son of David could be greater

                              than David was too deep for their theology.

 

  1. The Pharisees realized (though they didn’t acknowledge it) that

Jesus was the long promised Messiah.

 

  1. The Pharisees feared Jesus because the common consensus in

Israel was that He was a prophet greater than John.

 

  1. The two types of phylacteries unearthed at Qumran measured:

 

  1. 4×6 millimeters and 5×9 millimeters.

 

  1. 3×7 millimeters and 7×9 millimeters.

 

  1. 4×6 millimeters and 9×7 millimeters.

 

  1. None of the above.

 

  1. The chief place or uppermost rooms at the feast were literally:

 

  1. The center seat on the divan.

 

  1. The first place on the divan.

 

  1. The speaker’s platform.

 

  1. The largest chair at the meal table.

 

  1. According to the third woe (Matthew 23:15) who would end up in Hell?

 

  1. The Pharisees only.

 

  1. The Proselytes only.

 

  1. Both A and B.

 

  1. Only the hypocritical Proselytes of the Pharisees.

 

 

 

  1. Which statement best describes a disciple of Christ?A.  They should not exalt themselves but should serve others and

                              allow God to exalt them.

 

  1. They should freely use exalted titles with the goal being to have

doors opened so they can preach the Gospel.

 

  1. They should use titles such as reverend, dr., and minister as

liberally as possible and encourage the use of such titles by

others.

 

  1. They should accept all titles except Father.

 

  1. List the four views of the Olivet Discourse.

 

  1. Who was the originator of post-millennialism?

 

  1. Specifically to whom did Christ address in the Olivet Discourse?

Give Scriptural reference to support your answer.

 

  1. Roman Catholicism accepted pre-millennial theology until what event

occurred?  Date is optional. No points deducted for failure to include it.

 

  1. In regards to Matthew 24:12, mutual love will give way to mutal ____ and

________.

 

  1. From 1900-1969, there were _____ earthquakes of at least 6.5 magnitude.

From 1970-1989, there were _____ earthquakes of at least 6.5 magnitude.

From 1990-1995, there were more than ____ earthquakes of at least 6.5

magnitude.

From 1996-2009 there were more than ____ earthquakes of at least 6.5

magnitude.

 

  1. Briefly explain Matthew 24:13, “But he that shall endure unto the end, the

same shall be saved.”

 

  1. The abomination of desolation set up by Antiochus Epiphanes was known as

___________ in (Hebrews).

 

  1. What will the abomination be that the antichrist will set up in the temple?

Please give Scripture reference.

 

  1. Christ’s Second coming will be ________, ________, _________, and

with ___________.

 

  1. According to Dr. Ironside, “The eagles gathering together” (Matthew 24:28)

is a picture of what?

 

  1. Name and briefly describe the two views held by conservative theologians of

the fig tree in Matthew 24:32-34.

 

  1. Matthew 24:42 says: “watch therefore.”  To illustrate the people going through

the Great Tribulation should keep awake, Jesus uses six parables.  List all

six parables and circle the one that does not occur in Matthew’s gospel.

 

  1. Concerning the man entrusted with one talent in Matthew 25, like Judas

Iscariot, he lacked _________.

 

  1. Whom did the one talent man blame for his failure?

 

  1. Matthew 35:31-46 describes the judgment of the world at the ______ of

Christ’s millennial kingdom.

 

  1. The sheep and goats are judged on how they treat the ____ during the

tribulation period.

 

  1. In regards to the judgment of Israel, what two Old Testament prophets speak

of the judgments Israel will undergo on her way back to the Holy Land?

 

  1. Revelation pictures the woman riding the beast which symbolizes?

 

  1. The judgment of the beast, false prophet, and their armies take place when?

 

  1. List the four primary Catholic Creeds. Place a check mark next to the one that

does not mention judgment.

 

  1. The spikenard that Mary used to anoint Jesus in the home of Simon the Leper

was worth ______ denari or almost a year’s wages.

 

  1. Judas betrayed Jesus for 30 pieces of silver or _______ month’s wages.

 

  1. List the two species in transubstantiation.

 

  1. What should hinder a Christian from partaking of the Lord’s supper?

 

  1. What is the meaning of “the cup” in Matthew 26:39? Use Scripture reference

in your answer.

 

  1. Who was the undisputed “political boss” of Judea during the crucifixion of

Christ?

 

  1. ____________ was the presiding judge of the Sanhedrin during Jesus’ trials.

 

  1. The presiding judge of the Sanhedrin was required to take what solemn oath?

 

  1. List the fifteen reasons stated in the lectures that the trials of Jesus were illegal.

 

  1. Approximately what time was it when Peter denied Jesus for the third time?

 

  1. Explain the “play on words” with Barabbas.

 

  1. Give the technical names for the following:
  2. Roman whip
  3. Soldier who whipped Jesus
  4. Upright pieces of the cross

 

  1. The scourging prior to crucifixion served to weaken the condemned man and

often produced _________  ________ also known as low blood pressure.

 

  1. According to Luke 23:46, Jesus dismissed His spirit by an act of His own will.

What prophecy did this fulfill?  (Book, chapter, and verse)

 

  1. Give the technical names for the following:
  2. Jesus’ primary burial cloth
  3. Linen cloths or burial strips
  4. Chin band
  5. Stone in front of Jesus’ tomb

 

  1. Briefly describe the veil of the temple that was torn in half when Jesus died.

Please include its dimensions in your answer.

 

  1. Which person or persons of the Godhead is the resurrection attributed to?

Please validate your answer with Scripture references.

 

  1. List three weapons carried by the soldiers who guarded Jesus’ tomb.

 

  1. Who started the rumor among the Jews that Jesus’ body was stolen by His

disciples from the tomb?

 

  1. Explain why we should baptize Christians in the name of the Father, Son, and

Holy Ghost.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Matching:  Put the correct letter in the blank.

 

  1. _____ Pilate                                             A.  Consubstantiation

 

  1. _____ Caiphas                                        B.  Last official high priest of old

covenant

 

  1. _____ Zwingilian view                           C.  Gethsemane

 

  1. _____ Real presence                               D.  Seville, Spain

 

  1. _____ Oil press                                       E.  Honorable Sanhedrin member

 

  1. _____ Birth place of Pilate                    F.  Roman Prefect

 

  1. _____ Joseph of Arimathea                   G.  Passover

 

  1. _____ Feast day when Jesus was          H.  One of the two memorial

resurrected                                         commemorations of the Lord’s

Supper

 

  1. _____ Greek word John uses for        I.  Judea

Jesus’ side in John 19:34

 

  1. First fruits

 

  1. Exousia

 

  1. Transubtantiation

 

  1. Pleura

 

  1. Othonios

 

 

 

 

(see next page for question 101)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. (Graded Learning activity) Choose two of the following topics from Matthew

24 and 25.  Write an exposition on each of the two topics for a total of 14

double spaced pages.  (You may write 7 pages each or any combination of

pages as long as each topic is discussed thoroughly.  Your paper may be

longer if necessary).

 

Choose Two topics:

  • Characteristics of the present age (Matthew 24:1-8).
  • Signs of the last days (Matthew 24:9-14).
  • The Great Tribulation (Matthew 24:15-28).
  • The coming of the Son of Man (Matthew 24:29-35).
  • The time of Christ’s return (Matthew 24:26-41).
  • The parable of the talents (Matthew 25:14-30).
  • The sheep and goats judgment (judgment of the Gentile nations)

Matthew 25:31-46.

 

Make sure to cover the following points:

 

  • If the passage is a two-fold prophecy, please be sure to mention it.
  • Use plenty of Scriptural cross-references.
  • How (if at all) do they answer the Apostle’s questions in Matthew 24:3?
  • Some theologians see the rapture in the Olivet Discourse? If the

topic you choose to cover such misinterpreted Scriptures, please be

sure to mention and defend your position even if it disagrees with

that of your professor.

 

Guidelines for your paper:

 

  • You must document sources.
  • You must use footnotes or endnotes.
  • You must use a minimum of five sources.
  • You must include a bibliography.
  • You must include a cover page.

 

THIS IS GRADUATE LEVEL WORK, THEREFORE, YOUR PAER SHOULD BE NEAT, PRESENTABLE, AND THOROUGH.  YOUR PAPER SHOULD REFLECT INTENSE STUDY ON YOUR PART!

 

Turn in question 101 which is the graded learning activity at the same time as your test or you will receive an incomplete.

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