Justice Argument

You are to write a Justice argument in full sentences and paragraphs, that applies JUSTICE to the given case, and fully follows the JUSTICE theory outline on page 2 below.

Case: “Uber Pay”


  • Use the JUSTICE ARGUMENT OUTLINE as precisely as possible, the argument should be around one page (single-spaced).
  • The argument must be in full sentences and paragraphs: no numbering, no bullets and no one or two sentence paragraphs.
  • This assignment should be the ARGUMENT section and only the ARGUMENT. You should not write INTRO or CASE DETAILS or a summary.  I know the case details. This is an exercise to practice writing JUSTICE arguments.

JUSTICE Theory Outline


RULE OF THUMB for step 4: When applying Justice, if possible, state differences, do not state equalities. There are logical problems with equalities (universal instantiation problem): when you say “all should” this could mean none should, better to stress differences if you can.

Philosophy majors: this is one instance where the problem of universal instantiation really does matter. People say all should be treated the same as though this entails that some who should gettreatment x actually exist and they never actually say they exist. What I mean is, they stress “allshould be treated the same” and often actually say “either nobody gets x, or everyone gets x” andnever take the extra step to prove that all getting x is ethically better than none getting x. Showingdifference does not have this problem.

***make sure you stick with what you are arguing for. If you think it is unfair, stick with unfair unless you are giving a counterargument***

  1. Define JUSTICE: Justice demands that we treat equals equally and unequals unequally. (just copy/paste the definition)
  2. Give a general statement of the unfairness (or fairness) of the case. Best language to use: X is being treated the same as Y


X is being treated differently from Y

  1. Give some idea of who is doing the distribution of judgment in the case. (Be careful, a party being compared in the case cannot be the one doing the comparing.)
  2. State whether equals should be treated equally or whether unequals should be treated unequally. Best language to use:

X should be treated the same as Y


X should be treated differently from Y

  1. Give your criteria (can be more than one) for why equals should be treated equally or why unequals should be treated unequally.
  2. Explain how your criteria fit.
  3. COUNTERARGUMENT: Give an argument for the other side that people would likely or have proposed.
  4. Explain why your comparison fits better, and why it is ethically better.

Last Updated on February 11, 2019

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