Groups and Communities

Groups and Communities

Health Care and Life Sciences

Critically discuss how community development (i.e. community work

and community action) and group work have been used to seek

improvements in the social situation of a specific social


For this you have to discuss both group and community work, and relate this to a

specific group/community of your choice. Students usually write about something

from their own practice experience (in placements) but that is not a requirement; if

you want to you can discuss examples that you know about or have read about.


The Learning Outcomes are:


Critically analyse the use of group work with service users, carers or multi-

professional teams.


Analyze the potential role of community led action to promote inclusion and wellbeing.


Demonstrate critical understanding of community and community work,

identifying the political and social factors that shape practice.


Demonstrate critical awareness of differences in identities and cultures and the

relevance of anti-oppressive practice in empowering communities and groups.

The points below are intended to help you ‘unpack’ the learning outcomes but they

are general guidance, to some extent how they relate to your essay will depend on

what specifically you are writing about: which community and group.


For Learning Outcome 1 you should identify a group of service users or

professionals and describe its aims and/or purpose and how it functions. You

also need to give some analysis of it, which could include how well it functions as

a group (‘group dynamics’) or if it is likely to achieve its aims and what the

reasons for that might be.


Learning Outcome 2 is asking you to discuss collective action or mutual aid; i.e.

what your community or group are doing themselves to improve their situation. It

might be that they are not doing much, in which case you could discuss (e.g.)

what they could do and how professionals might work with them to support that.

You also have to analyse this, so you might want to discuss issues like, how

effective is it; what obstacles and barriers they face and how they are addressed.


For Learning Outcome 3 you should discuss the problematic nature of community

(as a concept) and how that relates to the community you have chosen to

discuss; what community (social) work is and how it is influenced by its social and

political context.


Learning Outcome 4 asks you to discuss the social composition of your group

and community and (e.g.) how representative they are. You should also discuss

how social inequalities are or can be addressed and how effectively group and/or

community work can be used to empower disadvantaged people.

Two other points about the essay:

a) You can write more about one aspect (community or group) than the other; but

you do have to discuss both.

Last Updated on February 11, 2019

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