Fineless Porpoise

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Part 1:

Conservation

Did you read the instructions above?

  1. Reflect on the benefits and threats to biodiversity. Predict which of these would relate to your candidate species if it was reintroduced to an ecosystem. Incorporate multiple examples. Include at least one citation (for your species or a closely related species) that supports your prediction. Do not forget to include in-text citations in your answer.
  2. The candidate species will initially be created in a laboratory setting and then likely will be in a captive breeding program before it is released into a natural ecosystem. Create a species survival plan for your candidate that will prepare it for re-introduction and maintain the species in a natural environment after it is reintroduced. In your description, include why it is a plausible plan for your species. Answer in 3-5 sentences.

 

Part 2:

Species Interactions

  1. Create a species interaction model for the community that may be used for your candidate species’ reintroduction. Include at least 6 species, in addition to your candidate species. Follow these instructions:
    1. Create at least three examples of interactions that include your candidate species and one other species.
    2. Then create three additional examples of interactions that do not include your candidate species.
    3. Across the six total interactions, use at least three different types of interactions.
    4. Label each interaction (or create a key) with the type of interaction: competition, mutualism, commensalism, or consumption (predation and parasitism are considered as different types of interactions if labeled as such).
    5. Include a brief description for each interaction (incomplete sentences are acceptable). Exception: there is no need to include a further description for predator/prey relationships.
    6. Label the ends of each interaction line with +/-/N (positive, negative, or neutral) to describe how each species is impacted by the interaction.
  2. Include at least one citation that supports your model. This citation can be for the ecological community and not your specific species.
  3. Using the model, predict how the reintroduction of your species will impact the overall community (e.g., will some species be positively impacted by having another prey item while others will be negatively impacted by predation or competition?). Provide specific examples, based on the model.

 

Carbon & Climate Change

  1. Your candidate species contains carbon. Draw a pathway through the carbon cycle that an atom of carbon might take from your species to another species in its potential ecosystem. Follow these instructions.
    1. Include the processes, all four spheres, and things (such as organisms) in your diagram.
      1. Name each sphere.
      2. Add the “things” within parentheses.
  • Add arrows to indicate processes and label each arrow with the process
  1. Number the order of the processes
  1. Feel free to include a description with your model.
  2. Your model must make biological sense for the ecosystem.
  3. Note that this is not just a replicate of the carbon model we made in class; it is a specific pathway and will not include every process from the original model.
  1. Predict to what extent re-introducing your species will impact the size of each carbon reservoir/sphere and the equilibrium (or non-equilibrium) of the cycle. Explain your reasoning.
  2. Let’s say that your species is going to be re-introduced tomorrow. Predict how climate change will impact your species in the next 50-100 years.
    1. What will the climate be like in the next 50-100 years in your species’ region and biome compared to what it is like right now?
      1. Note that climate is more than just temperature.
      2. Provide citation(s) to climate models that you used to answer this question.
    2. Explain why you selected these climate models, such as who created the model and how you accessed the model.
    3. How will your species be impacted by these changes in climate?
      1. Include at least one citation (specific to your species or the particular habitat) for this question that supports your prediction. Do not forget to include in-text citations in your answers.
    4. Create a model that explains how variations in greenhouse gas concentration result in changes in climate and how your species survival plan will impact greenhouse gas concentration. The model should address the following questions:
      1. How does greenhouse gas concentration influence climate?
      2. Which type(s) of photons (light and/or infrared/heat photons) play a role in this cause and effect relationship?
      3. How does an increase in carbon dioxide cause an increase in temperature?
      4. How will the survival plan (from question #2) influence greenhouse gas concentration? (e.g., are there things necessary in the plan that will require fossil fuels?)

 

Population Growth

  1. Consider how the number of individuals changed over time before extinction. Was the number stable until a sudden event caused it to crash? Was it a gradual reduction in size? Was it similar across all populations- or at least our knowledge of it was generalized to all populations?
    1. Create a population (or species) growth curve for your candidate species- create more than one if there was more than one way that the populations changed over time (e.g., maybe some crashed suddenly while others gradually declined or maybe some have crashed and a few populations still remain).
    2. The curve does not need exact sizes or years- we often do not have that data anyway- just provide general information- thousands, hundreds, tens…1700’s, 1800’s, recently…? Make sure to label the X- and Y-axes.
    3. If your species is not yet extinct, it is okay to indicate that in the growth curve.
    4. Make sure to note if the number of individuals refers to specific populations or the species overall.
  2. Describe how the numerical value of the carrying capacity changed over time and why it changed.
  3. What caused the collapse of the species? Name at least acouple issues (do not just state “humans”) and label these as density-independent or dependent. Explain how you concluded which one it is (some factors may not be obviously one or the other, but the explanation should indicate an understanding of the concepts).
  4. Include at least one reference, including in-text citations.
Instructions
  1. Download the “Assessment 3 Worksheet.” Begin working on the worksheet after reading through this document.
  2. There are a few visual models that students will create for this assessment. Feel free to either hand-draw them neatly and take a photograph or create them using a program, such as Microsoft PowerPoint® and then save the slide as an image. Paste the images into the worksheet.
  3. Citations must follow the guidelines in the coursepack: “Literature Citation Requirements.”
  4. If your species is not yet extinct, approach the questions below as if it is already extinct.
  5. Feel free to use your notes while working on this assessment.
  6. Point values are provided in the rubric.
  7. This assessment is submitted to Turnitin and checked for plagiarism, including copying websites or your peers.
    1. Turnitin produces a similarity score and we use that score to indicate which ones to check further for plagiarism
    2. There is not a set similarity percentage that indicates plagiarism. The similarity will depend on the length of the answers and if the questions are restated in those answers.
  8. Save the document as a Microsoft Word® document.
Critical Elements Exemplary

(100%)

Proficient

(75%)

Needs Improvement

(55%)

Not Evident

(0%)

Q1: Biodiversity 3 points 2.25 points 1.75 points 0 points
Multiple, specific benefits and threats are described. A couple specific benefits and/or threats are described. Multiple benefits and threats are described, but they are general for biodiversity and not related to the candidate species. A couple generic benefits or threats may be listed.
Q2: Survival plan 5 points 3.75 points 2.75 points 0 points
The plan is creative and plausible for the given species. The plan is plausible for the given species but is briefly described (one to two sentences). The plan is generic and not designed for the candidate species. No plan is provided or just repeats what was state in the question.
Q3 & Q4: Species interaction model 10 points 7.5 points 5.5 points 0 points
At least 6 biologically plausible, labeled interactions and at least three different types of interactions are labeled in the model. Interactions include brief explanations, when needed.+/-/N impacts are included. A citation is included. At least 6 biologically plausible, labeled interactions and at least three different types of interactions are included. Some interaction types are possible but descriptions are vague or not included.Or, a few of the +/-/N labels are inconsistent with the type of interaction. Or, the “exemplary” level is met except for the citation. Less than 6 labeled interactions and/or less than three different types of interactions are included. Or, +/-/neutral impacts are not included. Or, the “proficient” level is met except for the citation. Diagram does not contain any interaction labels. Or, there are no descriptions nor +/-/N impacts.
Q5: Community Prediction 4 points 3 points 2.25 points 0 points
Prediction is specific to the species and is supported by the model. It incorporates multiple species. Can include direct and indirect impacts. Prediction is specific to the species and is supported by the model. It incorporates a couple species or just one species type (e.g., just the predators of the candidate). Prediction incorporates multiple species but has some inconsistencies with the model. Prediction is general (e.g., that more predators will have food but not which specific species).
Q6: Carbon Atom 5 points 3.75 points 2.75 points 0 points
Pathway begins and ends at biosphere, is biologically plausible, and contains labeled processes, spheres, and carbon-containing things. Pathway begins and ends at biosphere, is accurate, and contains labeled processes and spheres. But it does not include potential carbon-containing things or is not biologically plausible. Pathway contains some inaccuracies or missing information. Most of the pathway is incorrect and/or does not include names of the processes. Or, the in-class carbon cycle model is simply duplicated to answer this question
Q7: Reservoir Prediction 3 points 2.25 points 1.75 points 0 points
Prediction accurately considers the relative sizes of the reservoirs and relates to the carbon cycle processes. Prediction accurately describes the relative sizes of the reservoirs but does not accurately use that information in the explanation. Answer relates to the carbon cycle processes. Prediction is correct but generic in relation to the reservoirs and the carbon cycle. Prediction contradicts points made in the explanation.
Q8: Climate Change 6 points 4.5 points 3.25 points 0 points
Explanation predicts 1) how climate will change in the specific ecosystem and 2) how that will impact the species. The 3) selection process for the models is described and the 4) models are cited. Explanation is missing one of the criteria from the “exemplary” level. Explanation is largely vague (e.g., how climate is supposed to change globally). Or, it is missing two or more criteria from the “exemplary” level. The entire explanation is vague and not related to the particular species or to particular climate models.
Q9: Greenhouse Gases 5 points 3.75 points 2.75 points 0 points
The model accurately describes how greenhouse gas concentration influences climate, which photons play a role in this relationship, how carbon dioxide affects temperature, and how the survival plan influences greenhouse gas concentration. The model primarily addresses all components in the “exemplary” level but there are some gaps or vague representations. All questions are answered correctly in essay format rather than a model. Model or explanation does not accurately address the components in the “exemplary” level.
Q10 & 11: Growth Curve & K 4 points 3 points 2.25 points 0 points
Growth curve and carrying capacity explanation align. A prediction for why the changes happened is included. Graph axes are appropriately labeled. Growth curve and carrying capacity explanation align. A prediction for why the changes happened is included. Graph axes are not appropriately labeled. One of the following is missing or does not align with the rest: the growth curve, carrying capacity, or carrying capacity explanation. A generic growth curve is provided with possibly a generic explanation. Is not specific to the species.
Q12 & 13: Collapse 5 points 3.75 points 2.75 points 0 points
Causes are realistic and density factor explanations are accurate. A citation is included. Causes are realistic and density factor explanations are accurate. No citation is included. One possible cause is explained. The density factor explanation is accurate. Or, two realistic causes are explained but the density factor explanation is inaccurate. Explanation is vague (e.g., “humans are the cause.”)
Critical Elements Exemplary

50-45 points

Proficient

44-35 points

Needs Improvement

34-20 points

Not Evident

19-0 points

 

 

Last Updated on November 27, 2019 by Essay Pro