Financial Accounting Assignment

9-8A Current Liabilities

The following transactions apply to Ozark Sales for 2016:

  1. The business was started when the company received $50,000 from the issue of common stock.
  2. Purchased equipment inventory of $380,000 on account.
  3. Sold equipment for $510,000 cash (not including sales tax). Sales tax of 8 percent is collected when the merchandise is sold. The merchandise had a cost of $330,000.
  4. Provided a six-month warranty on the equipment sold. Based on industry estimates, the warranty claims would amount to 2 percent of sales.
  5. Paid the sales tax to the agency on $400,000 of the sales.
  6. On September 1, 2016, borrowed $50,000 from the local bank. The note had a 4 percent interest rate and matured on March 1, 2017.
  7. Paid $6,200 for warranty repairs during the year.
  8. Paid operating expenses of $78,000 for the year.
  9. Paid $250,000 of accounts payable.
  10. Recorded accrued interest on the note issued in transaction no. 6.

REQUIRED

  1. Show the effect of these transactions on the financial statements using a horizontal statements model like the one shown here. Use + for increase, – for decrease, and NA for not affected. In the Cash Flow column, indicate whether the item is an operating activity (OA), investing activity (IA), or financing activity (FA). 1st transaction recorded as example.

Assets = Liabilities + Equity

Rev. – Exp. = Net Income

Cash Flow

+ NA +

NA NANA

+ FA

  1. Prepare the journal entries for the above transactions and post them to the appropriate T- accounts.
  2. Prepare the income statement, balance sheet, and statement of cash flows for 2016.
  3. What is the total amount of current liabilities at December 31,2016.

9-10A Calculating Payroll

Old Town Entertainment has two employees in 2016. Clay earns $3,600 per month and Philip, the manager, earns $10,800 per month. Neither is paid extra for working overtime. Assume Social Security tax rate is 6 percent on the first $110,000 of earnings and the Medicare tax rate earnings tax rate is 1.5 percent on all earnings. The federal income tax withholdings is 15 percent of gross earnings for Clay and 20 percent for Philip. Both clay and Philip have been employed all year.

Required

  1. Calculate the net pay for both Clay and Philip for March.
  2. Calculate the net pay for both Clay and Philip in December.
  3. Is the net pay the same in March and December for both employees? Why or why not?
  4. What amounts will hold Old Town report in 2016 W-2s for each employee?

10-6A Two accounting cycles for bonds issued at face value

Doyle Company issued $500,000 of 10-year, 7 percent bonds on January 1, 2016. The bonds were issued at face value. Interest is payable in cash on December 31 of each year. Doyle immediately invested the proceeds from the bond issue in land. The land was leased for an annual $125,000 of cash revenue, which was collected on December 31 of each year, beginning December 31, 2016.

Required

  1. Prepare the journal entries for these two events, and post them to T-Accounts for 2016 and 2017.
  2. Prepare the income statement, balance sheet, and statement of each cash flows for 2016 and 2017.

10-7A Two accounting cycles for bonds issued at face value

On January 1, 2016, Bell Corp. issued $180,000 of 10-year, 6 percent bonds at their face amount. Interest is payable on December31 of each year with the first payment due December 31, 2016.

Required

Prepare all the general journal entries related to these bonds for 2016 and 2017.

10-8A Journal entries for callable bonds

Nivan Co. issued $500,000 of 5 percent, 10-year, callable bonds on January 1, 2016, at their face value. The call premium was 3 percent (bonds are callable at 103). Interest was payable annually on December 31. The bonds were called December 31, 2020.

Required

Prepare the journal entries to record the bond issue on January 1, 2016, and the bond redemption on December 31, 2020. Entries for accrual and payment of interest are not required.

10-4A Financial Statement effects of an installment note

A partial amortization schedule for a 10-year note payable issued on January 1, 2016, is shown below:

Accounting Principal Cash Applied to Applied to

Period Balanced January 1 Payment Interest Principal

2016 $200,000 $27,174 $12,000 $15,174

2017 184,826 27,174 11,090 16,084

2018 168,742 27,174 10,125 17,049

Required

  1. Using a financial statements model like the one shown here, record the appropriate amounts for the following 2 events:

(1) January 1, 2016, issue of the note payable.

(2) December 31, 2016, payment on the note payable.

Event No. │ Assets = Liab. + Equity │ Rev – Exp. = Net Inc. │ Cash Flow

1 │

  1. If the company earned $62,200 cash revenue and paid $45,000 in cash expenses in addition to the interest in 2016, what is the amount of each of the following?

(1) Net income for 2016.

(2) Cash flow from operating activities for 2016.

(3) Cash flow from financing activities for 2016.

  1. What is the amount of interest expense on this loan for 2019?

10-5A Journal Entries for a line of credit

Singer Company has a line of credit with United Bank. Singer can borrow up to $400,000 at any time over the course of the 2016 calendar year. The following table shows the prime rate expressed as an annual percentage along with the amounts borrowed and repaid during the first three months of 2016.

Singer agreed to pay interest at an annual rate equal to 2 percent above the bank’s prime rate. On the first day of every month, funds are borrowed or repaid. Interest is payable in cash on the last day of the month. The interest rate is applied to the outstanding monthly balance. For example, Singer pays 6.5 percent (4.5 percent + 2 percent) annual interest on $140,000 for the month of February.

Month Amount Borrowed Prime Rate for

or (Repaid) the month

January $80,000 4.0%

February 60,000 4.5

March (20,000) 4.0

Required

Provide all journal entries pertaining to Singer’s line of credit for the first three months of 2016.

10-25A Determining the effects of financial alternatives on ratios

Composite Solutions Company (CSC) has the following account balances:

Current assets $150,000 Current Liabilities $100,000

Noncurrent assets 350,000 Noncurrent Liabilities 250,000

Stockholders’ Equity 150,000

The company wishes to raise $80,000 in cash and is considering two financial options: CSC can sell $80,000 of bonds payable, or it can issue additional common stock for $80,000. To help the decision process, CSC’s management wants to determine the effects of each alternative on ots current ratio and debt to assets ratio.

Required

  1. Help CSC’s management by completing the following chart:

Ratio Currently If Bonds Are Issued If Stock Is Issued

Current Ratio

Debt to asset ratio

  1. Assume that after the funds are invested, EBIT amounts to $6,000. Also assume the company pays $6,000 in dividends or $6,000 in interest depending on which source of financing is used. Based on a 40 percent tax rate, determine the amount of the increase in retained earnings that would result under each financing option.

10-19A Effective interest amortization of a bond discount

On January 1, 2016, the Diamond Association issued bonds with the face value of $300,000, a stated rate of interest of 6 percent, and a 10-year term to maturity. Interest is payable in cash on December 31 of each year. The effective rate of interest was 7 percent at the time the bonds were issued. The bonds sold for $278,932. Diamond used the effective interest rate method to amortize the bond discount.

Required
  1. Determine the amount of the discount on the day of issue.
  2. Determine the amount of interest expense recognized on December 31, 2016.
  3. Determine the carrying value of the bond liability on December 31, 2016.
  4. Provide the general journal entry necessary to record the December 31, 2016, interest expense.

10-20A Effective interest amortization of a bond discount

ON January 1, 2016, Parker Company issued bonds with the face value of $80,000, a stated rate of interest of 8 percent, and a five-year term to maturity. Interest is payable in cash on December 31 of each year. The effective rate of interest was 9 percent at the time the bonds were issued. The bonds sold for $76,888. Parker used the effective interest rate method to amortize the bond discount.

Required

  1. Prepare an amortization table as shown below:

Cash Interest Discount Carrying

Payment Expense Amortization Value

January 1, 2016 76,888

December 31, 2016 6,400 6,920 520 77,408

December 31, 2017 ? ? ? ?

December 31, 2018 ? ? ? ?

December 31, 2019 ? ? ? ?

December 31, 2020 ? ? ? ?

Totals 32,000 35,112 3,112

  1. What item(s) in the table would appear on the 2019 balance sheet?
  2. What item(s) in the table would appear on the 2019 income statement?
  3. What item(s) in the table would appear on the 2019 statement of cash flows?

 

Last Updated on February 11, 2019 by Essay Pro