Earth’s Natural Resources Questions

Earth’s Natural Resources QUESTION 1

  1. Coal deposits were formed when ancient plants died and were buried in sediment layers. After burial in sediment layers, what happened next to change them to coal?
ADDITION OF WATER TO FORM HYDROCARBON MOLECULES
COMPRESSION BY EXTREME PRESSURE OVER MILLIONS OF YEARS
REACTION WITH ACIDS IN THE ENVIRONMENT

3 points

Earth’s Natural Resources QUESTION 2

  1. Many experts predict that our oil supplies will run out in the next few decades. Describe two factors that may extend our world oil supplies and two factors that may more rapidly deplete our world oil supplies.
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5 points

QUESTION 3

  1. The largest exporter of oil in the world is
SAUDI ARABIA
JAPAN
KUWAIT

3 points

Earth’s Natural Resources QUESTION 4

  1. Describe what oil shale is and explain the advantages and disadvantages associated with its use and extraction.

 

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4 points

QUESTION 5

  1. Why can lignite only be used close to the area in which it is found?
IT HAS SUCH A LOW ENERGY CONTENT THAT TRANSPORTING IT IS NOT WORTH IT.
HAS TOXIC METALS IN IT THAT PREVENT IT FROM BEING LEGAL TO SHIP.
IT IS TOO HEAVY TO TRANSPORT OUT OF THE AREA FROM WHICH IT IS MINED.

3 points

QUESTION 6

  1. Coal is burned to produce steam in an electrical power plant. The steam is then used to
TURN A MOTOR CALLED A TURBINE
CONVERT MECHANICAL ENERGY TO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
EXTRACT ATOMS FROM THE COAL

3 points

QUESTION 7

  1. Which of the following gases is the major byproduct of fossil fuel combustion?
WATER VAPOR
METHANE
CARBON DIOXIDE

3 points

QUESTION 8

  1. Fossil fuel combustion removes deeply stored carbon from the land and releases it to the atmosphere.
    TRUE FALSE

2 points

QUESTION 9

  1. Of the two nuclear processes, fusion and fission, which one is used to generate commercial nuclear power? Why is the other one not used?
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4 points

QUESTION 10

  1. What happens to a uranium-235 atom when it is bombarded with neutrons? How is this process used to generate nuclear power?
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4 points

QUESTION 11

  1. After uranium is mined from the ground, it is leached to produce a substance called ______.
YELLOWCAKE
URANIUM HEXAFLUORIDE
REACTOR FUEL

3 points

QUESTION 12

  1. The process that increases the amount of fissionable uranium-235 in nuclear fuel is called
AMPING
LEACHING
ENRICHMENT

3 points

QUESTION 13

  1. Control rods can be taken away from a nuclear reactor to make the fission reaction
TAKE PLACE AT LOWER TEMPERATURES
CONVERT TO A FUSION REACTION
GO FASTER

3 points

QUESTION 14

  1. The part of a nuclear reactor that spins because of exposure to heat energy in steam is the
CONTROL ROD
TURBINE
GENERATOR

3 points

QUESTION 15

  1. What happens during the process of decommissioning a nuclear power plant?
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5 points

QUESTION 16

  1. Using nuclear fuel emits less sulfur and mercury into the environment than does using fossil fuels.
    TRUE FALSE

2 points

QUESTION 17

  1. What is the difference between renewable and non-renewable energy? Give two examples of each.
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4 points

QUESTION 18

  1. Wind farms are ideally located in areas with
STEADY WINDS AT A SPEED OF ABOUT 13 MPH
INTERMITTENT WINDS WITH SPEEDS WELL OVER 50 MPH
STEADY BUT SLOW WINDS LESS THAN 10 MPH

3 points

QUESTION 19

  1. The worldwide leading source of renewable energy is
WIND POWER
SOLAR POWER
HYDROPOWER

3 points

QUESTION 20

  1. Energy derived from hot fluids and rocks beneath Earth’s surface is called
HYDROPOWER
SOLAR POWER
GEOTHERMAL POWER

3 points

QUESTION 21

  1. Wind power is most practical when wind speeds are over 55 mph.
    TRUE FALSE

2 points

QUESTION 22

  1. Describe two advantages and two disadvantages associated with the use of geothermal power.
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5 points

QUESTION 23
  1. As long as wind turbines are manufactured correctly, they do not generally pose a threat to birds.
    TRUE FALSE

2 points

QUESTION 24

  1. An ore is a rock that
CONTAINS ENOUGH OF A MINERAL RESOURCE TO BE ECONOMICALLY PROFITABLE
Has ANY AMOUNT OF A MINERAL RESOURCE
CONTAINS NO WASTE MATERIALS, BUT IS MADE ENTIRELY OF A PURE MINERAL SUBSTANCE

3 points

QUESTION 25

  1. Most mining deaths take place in
OPEN PIT MINES
STRIP MINES
SUBSURFACE MINES

3 points

QUESTION 26

  1. In _______, the mineral ore is taken out of a surface hole layer by layer, and the hole just keeps getting bigger and bigger.
OPEN PIT MINING
MOUNTAINTOP REMOVAL
DRIFT MINING

3 points

QUESTION 27
  1. What type of mining is commonly used to extract coal from the Appalachian area of the United States?
SHAFT MINING
MOUNTAINTOP REMOVAL
OPEN PIT

3 points

QUESTION 28

  1. What type of subsurface mining involves digging deep underground tunnels and then sending workers down in cages?
SHAFT MINING
HARD ROCK MINING
DRIFT MINING

3 points

QUESTION 29

  1. Acid mine drainage can develop when rainwater seeps through
MINE TAILINGS
MINERAL ORE
OVERBURDEN

3 points

QUESTION 30

  1. Acid mine drainage forms when water reacts with _____ in discarded mining materials.
NITROGEN
MERCURY
SULFUR

3 points

QUESTION 31

  1. Acid mine drainage contains sulfuric acid, which can kill or harm wildlife.
    TRUE FALSE

2 points

Earth’s Natural Resources QUESTION 32

  1. Collapsing underground mines can fracture natural gas pipelines.
    TRUE FALSE

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