Business ethical

For each of the following, select the choice the best completes the sentence.

If an action is morally required, then it is  [“”, “”, “”]   [ Select ] merely permissible to do it morally impermissible to do it morally impermissible to not do it

If an action is morally permissible, then it is  [“”, “”, “”]   [ Select ] either morally required or merely permissible neither wrong nor morally required morally wrong to not do it

If an action is morally impermissible, then it is  [“”, “”, “”]   [ Select ] neither wrong nor not wrong to do it morally wrong to do it morally wrong to not do it

 

For each of the theories on the left below, select the statement on the right that best fits with that theory.

CONSEQUENTIALISM

[ Choose ] You should do whatever has the best results for everyone. Altruism is downright immoral. It’s always wrong to lie, even if that hurts someone’s feelings. The only way to get people to do something is to show them how it benefits them.

NON-CONSEQUENTIALISM

[ Choose ] You should do whatever has the best results for everyone. Altruism is downright immoral. It’s always wrong to lie, even if that hurts someone’s feelings. The only way to get people to do something is to show them how it benefits them.

PSYCHOLOGICAL EGOISM

[ Choose ] You should do whatever has the best results for everyone. Altruism is downright immoral. It’s always wrong to lie, even if that hurts someone’s feelings. The only way to get people to do something is to show them how it benefits them.

ETHICAL EGOISM

[ Choose ] You should do whatever has the best results for everyone. Altruism is downright immoral. It’s always wrong to lie, even if that hurts someone’s feelings. The only way to get people to do something is to show them how it benefits them.

 

For each of the claims below, decide whether is best supports psychological egoism, supports ethical egoism, opposes psychological egoism, or opposes ethical egoism.

Choice Claim
 [“”, “”, “”, “”]   [ Select ] Opposes Ethical Egoism Supports Ethical Egoism Opposes Psychological Egoism Supports Psychological Egoism For every action, it is always possible that there is a selfish motive behind it.
 [“”, “”, “”, “”]   [ Select ] Opposes Psychological Egoism Supports Ethical Egoism Supports Psychological Egoism Opposes Ethical Egoism It seems likely that anyone who could get away with it would do whatever they want
 [“”, “”, “”, “”]   [ Select ] Supports Ethical Egoism Opposes Ethical Egoism Opposes Psychological Egoism Supports Psychological Egoism People are better at looking out for themselves than they are at looking out for others.
 [“”, “”, “”, “”]   [ Select ] Supports Psychological Egoism Opposes Psychological Egoism Supports Ethical Egoism Opposes Ethical Egoism For serial killers, doing what they want to do is clearly morally wrong.
 [“”, “”, “”, “”]   [ Select ] Opposes Psychological Egoism Opposes Ethical Egoism Supports Psychological Egoism Supports Ethical Egoism If you truly had did not want to do something, you wouldn’t do it.
 [“”, “”, “”, “”]   [ Select ] Supports Ethical Egoism Supports Psychological Egoism Opposes Psychological Egoism Opposes Ethical Egoism While people sometimes have motives hidden even from themselves, it’s implausible to believe that they often do.
 [“”, “”, “”, “”]   [ Select ] Opposes Psychological Egoism Opposes Ethical Egoism Supports Psychological Egoism Supports Ethical Egoism Any moral theory that requires you to sacrifice a part of the only life you have is an unacceptable moral theory

 

 

For each of the terms on the right, pick the definition that best fits it on the left. Each definition will only be used once.

 [“”, “”, “”]   [ Select ] A command that applies to everyone, no matter what they may happen to want. A plan, or principle, of action. A command that only applies to you if you have some particular goal. Categorical Imperative
 [“”, “”, “”]   [ Select ] A plan, or principle, of action. A command that applies to everyone, no matter what they may happen to want. A command that only applies to you if you have some particular goal. Maxim
 [“”, “”, “”]   [ Select ] A command that only applies to you if you have some particular goal. A command that applies to everyone, no matter what they may happen to want. A plan, or principle, of action. Hypothetical Imperative

For each of the terms on the right, decide whether it is an application of the first formulation of the categorical imperative, the second formulation of the categorical imperative, or neither. Each will be used only once.

 [“”, “”, “”]   [ Select ] First Formulation Neither Second Formulation Cheating on your taxes is wrong because if everyone did that, you’d lose all the government services you depend on.
 [“”, “”, “”]   [ Select ] Neither First Formulation Second Formulation Lying is morally permissible when it doesn’t hurt anyone and it spares someone’s feelings.
 [“”, “”, “”]   [ Select ] Second Formulation First Formulation Neither Abortion is wrong because it treats an unborn human as an inconvenience, to be removed when that serves someone else’s goals.

For each of the claims below, decide whether it is true or false according to Kantian ethics.

 [“”, “”]   [ Select ] True False You shouldn’t treat yourself as a special case; if what you’re going to do would be disastrous if everyone did it, it’s wrong.
 [“”, “”]   [ Select ] False True As long as the action benefits you, it’s morally permissible
 [“”, “”]   [ Select ] False True The only thing that is valuable is human happiness.

 

Last Updated on February 10, 2019 by EssayPro