Psychology Reflective essay

Please prepare and submit an individual Critical Thinking Essay, using “rhetorical tools” for critical and scientific argumentation (use Bassham, ch 13, from required readings to help with the structuring of your paper and writing). Although you will be discussing ideas with your groupmates, it is very important that your essay is written independently. Plagiarism and collusion issues will be checked upon submission.

Your task is to choose one of the three topics listed below and discuss the validity of the claims with reference to scientific evidence and by using critical thinking tools that you will learn in lectures.





Low self-esteem causes psychological problems

In 1994 Nathaniel Brandon published the book The six pillars of self-esteem where he insisted that we “cannot think of a single psychological problem—from anxiety and depression, to fear of intimacy or of success, to spouse battery or child molestation—that not traceable to the problem of low self-esteem”

Does the research support such statement?


Barry, C. T., Frick, P. J., & Killian, A. L. (2003). The relation of narcissism and self-esteem to conduct problems in children: A preliminary investigation. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 32(1), 139-152.

Taylor, A. K., & Kowalski, P. (2004). Naϊve psychological science: The prevalence, strength, and

sources of misconceptions. The Psychological Record, 54(1), 15-25. Retrieved January 19,

2018 from

Baumeister, R. F., Campbell, J. D., Krueger, J. I., &Vohs, K. D. (2003). Does high self-esteem cause better performance, interpersonal success, happiness, or healthier lifestyles? Psychological science in the public interest, 4(1), 1-44.

Donnellan, M. B., Trzesniewski, K. H., Robins, R. W., Moffitt, T. E., &Caspi, A. (2005). Low self-esteem is related to aggression, antisocial behavior, and delinquency. Psychological Science, 16(4), 328-335.

Joiner, T. E., Alfano, M. S., &Metalsky, G. I. (1992). When depression breeds contempt: reassurance seeking, self-esteem, and rejection of depressed college students by their roommates. Journal of abnormal psychology, 101(1), 165.

Zaslow, J. (2007, April 20). The most-praised generation goes to work. Wall Street Journal.Retrieved January 19, 2018 from


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