At the heart of every great mystery lies a solution. Just as a good detective may use specific guidelines to gather evidence for a solution, so too might a good psychologist use set criteria to gather evidence for an accurate solution, or diagnosis. Although detectives focus on who is responsible for the problem, psychologists focus on why and how the problem surfaced. To make an accurate diagnosis, psychologists follow set diagnostic criteria outlined in the DSM. As a classification system for diagnosis, the DSM is important in the field, but current literature highlights the fact that, along with its strengths, limitations exist in it for accuracy in client diagnosis.
For this Discussion, consider the classification system of the DSM. Think about the relative strengths and limitations of this classification system in making a diagnosis.
With these thoughts in mind:
Post a brief description of the overall classification system of the DSM in your own words. Then discuss the strengths and limitations of the DSM.
In your future role in the field of psychology, you might consider how a client’s cultural, gender, and developmental background influences his or her diagnosis. Awareness of a client’s background may assist in your understanding of how the client’s symptoms, signs, and behaviors are experienced and expressed. As the DSM states, disorders are defined relative to culture, social, and familial norms and values. In addition, the causes and expression of many disorders are influenced by sex and gender differences.
Understanding this perspective may lead psychologists to develop an accurate diagnosis for a client with a similar background or inaccurately diagnosis a client with a dissimilar background. Although an understanding of the client’s background may assist with the development of an accurate diagnosis, psychologists must be careful that personal biases about that background do not shape diagnosis.
For this Discussion, review the case study of “Marvin” in the Learning Resources. Objectively, consider the client’s cultural identity and how this might contribute to diagnosis. If you were working with Marvin, how might your personal biases play a role in his diagnosis? Consider ways you might mitigate, or reduce, the appearance of personal biases in diagnosis.
With these thoughts in mind:
Post an explanation of how the client’s culture, gender, developmental, or lifespan background may contribute toward personal biases and diagnosis. Then explain how your personal biases might influence the client’s diagnosis. Finally, explain three ways you, as a future professional in the field, might mitigate or reduce the appearance of biases in diagnosis.
*separate the 2 responses (275 words each) and 3 references for each*
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