Criminal Justice

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the book is called: Everyday Ethics For The Criminal Justice Professional (Second Edition) By Kelly Cheeseman. ISBN: 9871611634143. This the information you will need to answer the questions.

Name:

CHAPTER 1

1. How is ethics defined?

a. It is defined as a set of moral principles that guide human behavior.
b. It is defined as a science of moral conduct, duty, and the
responsibility to do the right thing.

c. Both A and B

d. None of the above

2. What does the Greek word ethos stand for?

a. character or conduct

b. custom or character

c. behavior and self-evaluation

d. actions and reflection

3. Criminal justice professionals commonly encounter the following
ethical elements, except:

a. The duty to uphold constitutional protections

b. The duty to maneuver around provisions of the First Amendment

c. Public servitude

d. Discretion

4. The discretion to make recommendations to judges in pre-sentence
investigation reports is an example of how ethics filters through the
actions of police officers.

a. True

b. False

5. Being asked to do a project that includes a program evaluation is an
ethical concern in what field of criminal justice?

a. The courts

b. The police

c. Research

d. Corrections

CHAPTER 2 n The Theory Behind the Practice

1. John Stuart Mills, best associated with explaining utilitarianism,
proposed a hedonistic calculus that weighed the proportion of pleasure and
painful consequences of cnmfs actions.

a. True

b. False

2. The following elements compose the hedonistic calculus, except:

a. The intensity of pleasure or pain
b. The depravity of pleasure or pain

c. The propinquity of pleasure or pain

d. Only A and C
e. Only A and B

3. According to Close and Meier (1995), what practical problem is not
associated with utilitarianism?

a. It is virtually impossible for individuals to either quantify the
amount of happiness or pain of any given action

b. Definitions of happiness and pain vary from person to person

c. It is impossible to know at all times the consequences of onefis actions
d. Humans, by nature, avoid pleasure and pain

4. Immanuel Kant argued that truth-telling is not instinctual, but rather
a biological choice to do whatfs right.

a. True

b. False

5. Essentially, what approach was used in the case of Atwater v. the City
of Lago Visto?

a. Deontological

b. Teleological

c. Rational

d. Peacemaking

CHAPTER 3 – Ethics and the Evolution of Police and CHAPTER 4 1 Ethics and
Police Work

1. The evolution of policing in the United States began with a reliance on
citizen’s ability to take matters into their own hands, also known as:

a. Social control

b. Alternative Dispute Resolution

c. Kinship

d. Problem-Oriented Policing

2. The London Metropolitan Police Act of 1829 was under whose direction?
a. August Vollmer

b. Immanuel Kant

c. Jeremy Bentham

d. None of above

3. Who is known as the father of modern policing?

a. Jeremy Bentham

b. Sir Robert Peel

c. O.W. Wilson

d. August Vollmer

4. Having a police force created by a politician and giving primary
importance to his needs before attending to the community created
significant problems during what era?

a. Political Era

b. Reform Era

c. Community Policing Era

d. Victim-Oriented Policing Era

5. All are benefits of the Alderman System EXCEPT for:

a. Tried to find solutions to unemployment, healthcare, runaway children,
and the homeless

b. Laid the groundwork to establish the Wickersham Commission

c. Attention to a number of social ills

d. Helped enforce election laws and watched voter polling sites during
elections

 

CHAPTER 5 n Officers of the Court: Ethical Responsibilities of a Lawyer
1. Under the ABA Model Rules of Professional Responsibility, contingency
fees:

a. must be in writing

b. are a percentage of the amount of damages which are ultimately awarded
in a client’s legal matter

c. limit the amount of the lawyer@;recovery

d. A, B, and C

e. only A and B

2. The following are all exceptions to the duty to maintain
confidentiality, EXCEPT:

a. the lawyer believes revealing client information is the best strategy
to win the case

b. prevention of a crime or fraud

c. assist the lawyer with a defense to a dispute between the lawyer and
the client

d. prevention of perjury

3. Acting as a zealous advocate, includes all the following duties,
EXCEPT:

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a. duty of collecting fees

b. duty of competence

c. duty of diligence

d. duty of communication

4. The case establishing the two-prong test for ineffective assistance of
counsel is:

a. Brady v. Maryland (1963)

b. Powell v. Alabama (1932)

c. Strickland v. Washington (1984)

d. Gentile v. State Bar of Nevada (1991)

5. The following are examples of frivolous claims or cases, EXCEPT:

a. underlying motive for initiating the case is to harass or injure
another

b. the client is unlikely to prevail

c. attorney is unable to make a good faith argument for reversal of
existing law

d. no basis in law or fact exists to support the claim

CHAPTER 6 n Prosecutors and Judges: Ethical Responsibilities of Public
Servants

1. When judges are unfamiliar with the law in a particular area, they
should:

a. ask their colleagues about the matter

b. conduct independent research

c. ask the lawyers in the case

d. A, B, and C

e. only A and B
2. The Federal Rule of Evidence stating that the judge presiding at the
trial may not testify in the trial as a witness is:

a. Federal Rule of Evidence 605

b. Federal Rule of Evidence 403

c. Federal Rule of Evidence 201

d. Federal Rule of Evidence 705

3. Prosecutors MUST:

a. ensure that each criminal charge is supported by probable cause

b. utilize the resources of the government in a manner to ensure that the
legal process and the rights of criminal defendants are protected

c. ensure that criminal defendants receive a fair trial

d. all of those above

e. none of those above

4. The case establishing the prosecution’s duty to hand over exculpatory
evidence to the defense is:

a. Brady v. Maryland (1963)

b. Powell v. Alabama (1932)

c. Strickland v. Washington (1984)

d. Gentile v. State Bar of Nevada (1991)

5. The following are examples of frivolous claims or cases, EXCEPT:

a. underlying motive for initiating the case is to harass or injure
another

b. the client is unlikely to prevail

c. attorney is unable to make a good faith argument for reversal of
existing law

d. no basis in law or fact exists to support the claim

 

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