For the first part of this phase apply two decision-making models described by Hammaker and Knadig (2017) to explain why the action being considered is ethical or unethical (based upon your issue and thesis statement). As part of the ethical decision-making process evaluate why the two models are a valid way to decide whether an action or situation is ethical or unethical. In addition, for both models discuss its strengths and limitations towards decision-making.
Models for Decision-Making
- Social Media Model
- Utility Model
- Rights Model
- Exceptions Model
- Choices Model
- Justice Model
- Common Good Model
- Virtue Model
**Use appropriate APA headings when applying both models.
For the second part of this phase remind the audience of your position and supporting evidence. Summarize the most important details from your research and try for the last time to try to convince the audience. The conclusion should illustrate that you have thought critically and analytically about the ethical issue.
Consider these pointers when writing the conclusion:
- Your conclusion should not simply restate your intro paragraph. If your conclusion says almost the exact same thing as your introduction, it may indicate that you have not done enough critical thinking during the course of your research project.
- Your conclusion should tell us why we should care about your research. What is the significance of your claim? Why is it important to you as the writer or to the reader/audience? What information
- should you or the audience take away from this?
- Vivid, concrete language is as important in a conclusion as it is elsewhere–perhaps more essential, since the conclusion determines the audience’s final impression of your research. Do not leave them with the impression that your position was vague or unsure.
- It’s fine to introduce new information or quotations in your conclusions, if the new points grow from your argument. New points might be more general, answering the “so what” question; they might be quite specific. Just avoid making new claims that need lots of additional support.
The conclusion of your research project should be at least four to five paragraphs with support.
Length: 5 to 6 pages (can exceed the minimum length requirement). Utilize substantial references (i.e. scholarly resources, newspapers, books, PBSC library databases, Google Scholar, etc.) and complete in-text citations-APA style.
- Book: health care ethics and the law (2017)
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